1887
Volume 2022 Number 2
  • EISSN: 2223-506X

Abstract

لم تكتفِ جائحة كوفيد-19 بحصد أرواح بعض المرضى بل أدت أيضًا إلى عزلة وحجر أفراد المجتمع وتوقف العديد من الأعمال والأنشطة الترفيهية والدينية التي تعد من المغذيات الروحية للصحة النفسية واضعةً بصمتها وملحقةً الأذى بها. هدفت الدراسة لمقارنة مستويات القلق قبل وبعد وجود الجائحة في سوريا، ومقارنتها مع بعض البلدان العربية الأخرى، إضافةً لدراسة انعكاس الصحة النفسية على الصحة الجسدية بعد انتشار المرض بدراسة ثلاثة متغيرات: النوع، العمر، المهنة. استخدم الباحثون في الدراسة استبيان الكتروني قسمه الأساسي مقياس هاميلتون لتقييم القلق، وتضمن أيضًا بعض المعلومات الديموغرافية للمشاركين، وحُللت البيانات باستخدام لغة بايثون البرمجية. : تضمنت العينة 559 مستجيبًا من عدد من البلاد العربيّة (53.31% مقيمون في سوريا، 62.79% إناث، 53.31% أعمارهم 21-30 عام). أظهرت الدراسة بأن مستويات القلق ارتفعت عمومًا في ظل وجود الجائحة، إذ ارتفع متوسط الدرجة الكلية لمقياس هاميلتون بمقدار 5.50 نقطة في سوريا وبمقدار 4.60 في بعض البلدان العربية الأخرى مع عدم وجود فرق إحصائي هام P>0.05))، وتعد الإناث الأصغر من 31 عامًا الفئة الأكثر تضررًا. تقترح الدراسة زيادة توارد المرضى إلى العيادات النفسية والهضمية وتأثُّر العملية التعليمية والمهنية سلبًا بسبب ازدياد معدل القلق والأرق خاصة لدى الشبّان والإناث. وتوصي بتنظيم جلسات نفسية داعمة في المدارس والجامعات وأماكن العمل، وتقديم الدعم النفسي للأفراد عامة وللفئات المذكورة خاصة.

With the COVID-19 pandemic dramatic outcomes: high death rate, education institutions closure, business deterioration, and lock down with no social or religious gatherings, individuals have experienced several psychiatric disturbances like anxiety. This study aims to compare the levels of anxiety among people in some Arab countries before and after the COVID-19 pandemic; how the pandemic affected their mental health and lead to the appearance of psychosomatic symptoms. The study includes three variables: gender, work, age. The study used an online questionnaire that included a number sections, the main section was Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), In addition to other sections like the demographic information section. We analyzed the data using python (programming language). The study received 559 responders (N=559) from several Arab countries (62.79% Females, 53.31% of participants are 21-30 years old, 53.31% live in Syria). This study found Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale increased by 5.50 points in Syria, and 4.60 in some other Arab countries with no significant difference (P>0.05). Females aged less than 31 are the most affected people. The number of patients who experience psychological and digestive symptoms is increasing. Moreover, education and work performance have been affected as a result of the increasing levels of anxiety (especially among the youth). We recommend providing mental health support in schools, universities, and workplace.

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2022-04-30
2022-05-17
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