1887
Volume 2018, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 2617-2755
  • E-ISSN: 2617-2763

Abstract

This paper deals with the core preventive Anti-corruption Agency (ACA) of the Republic of Macedonia, namely the State Commission for Prevention of Corruption (SCPC). The idea therein is two-fold: firstly, to explain the ACA model which the Republic of Macedonia has chosen and, secondly, to criticize some of the characteristics of the respective legal and institutional framework. Of course, we do not aim to analyze every aspect of the SCPC – which would imply a much longer article than the one at hand – but rather to focus on the most important details. In that respect, we will place focus on the SCPC's competencies (functions, tasks and powers) and discuss if they are properly designed. Furthermore, we will tackle the institutional design and the capacities of the institution, so to illuminate the existing discrepancy between this ACA's competencies and possibilities. Thirdly, we will speak of its effectiveness. Doing so, we will not only draw the attention of the international research community to the SCPC but also enable comparative research in the future. What is especially valuable to note is that in terms of many of its characteristics, the SCPC is compared to other ACAs in the region of Southeastern Europe too, meaning that an initial contrast has been set. Finally, the main findings of the text are such that an answer for improvement cannot be provided instantly, but additional work in the field is required. Thus, one can only hope that this research inspires other individuals and professionals in the sphere too.

:ملخص

يتناول هذا البحث الوكالة الأساسية المعنية بمكافحة الفساد (ACA) لجمهورية مقدونيا، وتسمى بمفوضية الدولة للوقاية من الفساد (SCPC). ولتوضيح فكرة البحث يتعين تناول المؤسسات المعنية كما يلي: أولاً، شرح نموذج وكالة مكافحة الفساد ACA الذي اختارته جمهورية مقدونيا، وثانياً، طرح الانتقادات بصدد بعض خصائص الإطار القانوني والمؤسسي، حيث اننا لا نهدف إلى تحليل كل جانب من جوانب مفوضية الدولة للوقاية من الفساد SCPC -مما يعني ضمناً بحث أطول بكثير -بل نرمي إلى التركيز على أهم التفاصيل. وفي هذا الصدد، سنركز على اختصاصات اللجنة من حيث مهامها وواجباتها ونطاق عملها وسوف تتم مناقشة مسألة جودة نظامها. علاوة على ذلك، يتطرق البحث الى النظام المؤسسي وقدرات المؤسسة، وذلك لإبراز التناقض القائم بين الاختصاصات الشرعية لهذه الهيئة وإمكانيات الواقع. ثالثًا، يناقش البحث مدى فعاليتها.

ومن خلال اتباع هذا المنهج، فإننا لا نلفت انتباه مجتمع الأبحاث الدولي إلى مفوضية الدولة للوقاية من الفساد في مقدونيا SCPC فحسب، بل نشاهد أيضًا في دعم الأبحاث المقارنة في المستقبل. والجدير بالذكر، انه تتم مقارنه المفوضية في خصائصها المتعددة مع وكالات معنية بمكافحة الفساد الأخرى ACAs في منطقة جنوب شرق أوروبا أيضًا، مما يدل على وجود تباين أولي بين تلك الجهات. وأخيرا، فإن النتائج الرئيسية للبحث كاقتراح آليات للتطوير لا يمكن تقديمها على الفور، ولكن يلزم عمل إضافي في هذا المجال. ولذلك أأمل ان يلهم هذا البحث الأفراد والمهنيين الآخرين في المجال أيضا.

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2018-12-31
2019-08-19
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