1887
Volume 2018, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 2617-2755
  • E-ISSN: 2617-2763

Abstract

This paper evaluates how a given jurisdiction reacts to corruption based on the institutional evaluation of the National Integrity System (NIS). The Brazilian institutional evolution of the NIS is examined in relation to one of the 13 pillars, to wit, the “business environment” pillar. From this perspective, the purpose is to confirm to what extent the business environment generates conditions to fight corruption from an institutional perspective, in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 16, in particular, 16.5 (corruption and bribery in all their forms) and 16.6 (development of accountable and transparent institutions). The research is limited, however, to the period from 2001 to 2017; despite the long lapse of time, it involves a transition phase, during which significant law amendments took place and, as a consequence, their initial effects were felt in the private business sector.

:ملخص

يقيّم هذا البحث كيفية رد السلطة قضائية على الفساد وفق معايير التقييم المؤسسي لنظام النزاهة الوطني (NIS). فتتم دراسة التطور المؤسسي البرازيلي لنظام النزاهة الوطني وفق واحدة من الأركان الثلاثة عشر، وهو ركن “بيئة الأعمال”. ومن هذا المنظور، يتمثل هدف البحث في تأكيد الفكرة الآتية، وهي: إلى اي مدى توّلد بيئة الأعمال التجارية ظروفًا لمكافحة الفساد من منظور مؤسسي، وذلك فقًا لأهداف التنمية المستدامة (SDG) ١٦، ولا سيما ١٦.٥ (الفساد والرشوة بجميع أشكالها) و١٦.٦ (تطوير مؤسسات مسؤولة وشفافة). ولابد من التنويه إلى أن البحث محدد زمنيا من سنة ٢٠٠١ إلى سنه ٢٠١٧؛ فعلى الرغم من مرور فترة زمنية طويلة، إلا أنه ينطوي على مرحلة انتقالية، تخللتها تعديلات قانونية جوهرية، ونتيجة لذلك، ظهرت آثارها الأولية في قطاع الأعمال الخاص.

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2018-12-31
2019-07-18
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