1887
Volume 2018, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 2617-2755
  • E-ISSN: 2617-2763

Abstract

Given the controversial nature of the notion of corruption that has transcended time and place, this paper serves as a review article for the essential and pivotal debatable concepts that are used to better understand corruption. It will look at different definitions and types of corruption, and the measurement techniques used in corruption studies. The paper presents the debate on whether corruption can or cannot be used as a developmental tool, and manages to show that its significant long-term negative consequences easily overcome its positive aspects. Finally, there is a discussion on causality, where I argue that given the multidisciplinary nature of corruption, it is difficult to infer causation. Simply, this paper helps in understanding the current debates in corruption literature, as this is the first step to properly fight corruption, which is one of the targets of SDG 16.

نظرا لطبيعة مفهوم الفساد المثيرة للجدل والتي تتجاوز الوقت والمكان تقوم هذه الورقة البحثية بتوفير مرجعية للمفاهيم الأساسية والمحورية القابلة للنقاش والتي تستخدم لفهم الفساد بشكل أفضل. حيث تتناول عددا من التعريفات المختلفة والأنماط المتعددة للفساد، وتناقش تقنيات القياس المستخدمة في دراسات الفساد. كما تعرض الورقة نقاشا هاما حول ما إذا كان من الممكن استخدام الفساد كأداة تنموية أم لا، بل وتسلط الضوء على العواقب السلبية الطويلة الأجل الهامة والتي تغلب بسهولة على الجوانب الايجابية الإيجابية. وأخيراً، تستعرض الورقة نقاشاً حول العلاقة السببية، فاستنادا الى طبيعة مفهوم الفساد المتغيرة، فإنه من الصعب استنتاج العلاقة السببية بين الفعل والنتيجة. ببساطة، تساعد هذه الورقة البحثية في التمكن من فهم الأفكار المتاحة في أدبيات الفساد، حيث تعتبر هذه هي الخطوة الأولى لمحاربة الفساد بشكل صحيح، كما هو مبين في أحد أهداف الهدف 16 من أهداف التنمية المستدامة.

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2018-12-31
2019-10-16
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