1887
Volume 2023, Issue 2
  • EISSN: 2223-506X

Abstract

Recently, the tissue culture (T.C.) propagation has played a major role in the massive expansion of date palm (L.) plantations by making available a large number of cloned plants. Nevertheless, even if the propagation is an effective and a rapid way of date palm production, it has been associated with the emergence of some growth problems. Morphological abnormalities have been observed in tissue culture- derived date palm.

Dwarfism is the most common abnormality recorded in the Qatari dates plantations. Plants produced by tissue culture in “Nemishi” and “Lulu” are the most sensitive varieties to this problem. Moreover, the phenomenon of pollination failure locally known as “sheiss” was observed with the varieties Khalass and Kheneisi.

These off type phenotypes appear in the plants maturity stage and are commonly detected in the field years after planting. Therefore, the detection of these abnormalities, at an early stage, should be performed.

Since the genetic variation altered DNA methylation and gene expression are associated with these abnormal phenotypes, the molecular identification is inevitably the solution.

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2023-10-31
2024-07-20
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): date palmdwarfismfruit set and tissue culture
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