1887
Volume 2017 Number 2
  • E-ISSN: 2223-506X

Abstract

Sustainability has become a primary concern of new communities worldwide. With regard to planned communities specifically, sustainability planning has taken into account technical environmental standards as well as economic and technological factors. However, planned communities must consider social factors, or their “culture of sustainability” if their endeavors should prove to be truly successful in not only being environmentally sustainable, but also uphold and encourage sustainable human behavior. This paper will first consider the definition of cultures of sustainability. Cultures of sustainability vary from one community to the next and are defined by a strong hierarchy of values. How these values are translated differ, especially as it concerns the structure and governance of a community; values can either be communicated top-down through institutions or bottom-up using a community based-approach. Second, this paper will explore the methodologies communities use to make themselves sustainable. Third, the methodologies and cultures of sustainability explored through three case studies on three different continents: Europe, North America, and the Middle East. Throughout the three case studies, the obstacles and challenges to sustainability and the different forms it takes, environmental, economic, and social, are explored. In this study, it becomes clear that cultures of sustainability must first and foremost take into account the inclusion of the community in decision making processes as well as their embrace of community values and willingness to alter their behavior. Without a shared vision, concrete plan, and sense of community identity, sustainability goals can only last in the short term rather than create a real impact.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5339/connect.2017.qgbc.9
2017-10-31
2019-12-13
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/connect/2017/2/connect.2017.qgbc.9.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5339/connect.2017.qgbc.9&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bertels S, Papania L, Papania D. Embedding sustainability in organizational culture. Network for Business Sustainability, 2010. Available from: http://nbs.net/wp-content/uploads/Systematic-Review-Sustainability-and-Corporate-Culture.pdf .
  2. Brocchi D. The Cultural Dimension of Sustainability Cultures of Sustainability Cultural Strategies of Sustainability. 2008;270271. Available from: http://davidebrocchi.eu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/2008_newfrontier.pdf .
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Dahl AL. Achievements and gaps in indicators for sustainability. Ecological Indicators. 2012; 17::1419, Available from http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.04.032 .
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Opoku A. The role of culture in a sustainable built environment. In: Chiarini A, ed. Sustainable Operations Management. 2015;:3752. Springer Available from: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14002-5_3 .
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Reed MS, Fraser EDG, Dougill AJ. An adaptive learning process for developing and applying sustainability indicators with local communities. Ecological Economics. 2006; 59::406418. Available from: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.11.008 .
    [Google Scholar]
  6. The Natural Step (TNS), The Natural Step Framework Guidebook. The Natural Step. 2000;. Available from: http://www.ruralsustainability.org/files/TNSFrameworkGuidebook1.pdfe .
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Riddlestone S, Desai P, Eco-towns, Garden Cities & One Planet Communities – Policy and Practice, Opportunities and Challenges. (n.d.). Available from: https://brightonpermaculture.org.uk/files/gad2014/gad2014riddlestonedesai.pdf .
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Gill A, Williams P. Rethinking resort growth: understanding evolving governance strategies in Whistler. British Columbia Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 2011; 19:4–5:629648.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Hodge J, Haltrecht J, BedZED Seven Years on the Impact of the UK's Best Known Eco-village and its Residents. 2009;. Available from: http://www.oneplanetcommunities.org/wpcontent/uploads/2010/03/BedZED-seven-years-on-low-res-final.pdf .
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Rackey J, Chatto C, Case Study: BedZED. n.d.;. Available from: http://design.uoregon.edu/studio/coho/precedents/BedZed-cchatto.pdf .
    [Google Scholar]
  11. BioRegional Development Group. Beddington Zero Energy Development. 2002;. Available from: http://www.bioregional.com/wpcontent/uploads/2015/05/BedZEDCaseStudyReport_Dec02.pdf .
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Stum M. Seeking solutions to solid waste management: the role of lifestyles. The Journal Consumer Education. 1992; 10::2026. Available from: http://www.cefe.illinois.edu/JCE/archives/1992_vol_10/Stum%201992.pdf .
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Schoon N. The BedZED Story. Bioregional Development Group. 2016;. Available from: http://www.bioregional.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/The-BedZED-Story.pdf .
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Lane T. Tellytubby land: BedZed revisited. 2009;. Available from: http://www.building.co.uk/tellytubby-land-bedzed-revisited/3143919.article .
    [Google Scholar]
  15. TNS. A Natural Step Case Study: Whistler Blackcomb. 2007; 8:.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. RMOW, Whistler Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Performance Trends. 2014 Annual Report. 2015.
  17. [Google Scholar]
  18. RMOW. 2012 Official Community Plan Resort Municipality of Whistler, Schedule A of Official Community Plan Amendment By-Law No. 1021, 1993. 2012.
  19. CMHA. Using Development Levies. Case Study 1. Employee Housing Service Charge Fund – Whistler, British Columbia. Canadian Mortgage and Housing Authority n.d..
    [Google Scholar]
  20. WCSS. n.d.;. Available from http://mywcss.org/ (Accessed 2 July 2016).
  21. Szpala M, A Natural Step Case Study the Whistler Story on the Road to Sustainability the Whistler Story Focus on Sustainability. Communities. 2010. Available from: http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.gmicglobal.org/resource/resmgr/Docs/Whistler_NS_casestudy .
  22. Mitchell A. Off the Record: Could cracking down on Airbnb help the housing crunch? Whistler Question. 2016;. Available from: http://www.whistlerquestion.com/opinion/columnists/off-the-record-could-cracking-down-on-airbnb-help-the-housing-crunch-1.2272500 .
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Blaxland M. Labour crisis due to low wages. 2014;. Available from: http://www.Whistlerquestion.com/opinion/letters/labour-crisis-due-to-low-wages-1.1348459 (Accessed 13 July 2016).
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Including seniors in the housing conversation. 2016;. Available from http://www.whistlerquestion.com/opinion/editorial/including-seniors-in-the-housing-conversation-1.2290347 (Accessed 13 July 2016).
  25. Dagg P, DES system a mistake. Whistler Question. Whistler, B.C. 2016. Available from: http://www.Whistlerquestion.com/opinion/letters/des-system-a-mistake-1.2283610 .
  26. Noel A. RMOW seeks feedback for environmental plan. Whistler Question. Whistler, B.C. 2016. Available from: http://www.Whistlerquestion.com/news/local-news/rmow-seeks-feedback-for-environmental-plan-1.2271946 .
  27. Keri F. Creating Living Communities. Orascom Development. 2011;. Available from: https://www.orascomdh.com/uploads/media/OD_Factsheet_landscape_oct_010.pdf .
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Eakin B. Gouna: Egypt's No. 1 eco-friendly destination?. Egypt Independent. 2012;. Available from: http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/gouna-egypt-s-no-1-eco-friendly-destination (Accessed 6 November 2016).
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Kennedy AL. Using community-based social marketing techniques to enhance environmental regulation. Sustainability. 2010; 2:4:11381160, Available from: http://doi.org/10.3390/su2041138 .
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Mckenzie-Mohr D, Smith W. Fostering Sustainable Behavior: An Introduction to Community-Based Social Marketing. Gabriola Island, B.C: New Society Publishers 1999.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Cummings NG. Fostering Sustainable Behavior through Design: A Study of the Social, Psychological, and Physical Influences of the Built Environment. 2012;. Available from http://scholarworks.umass.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article = 2015&context = theses .
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5339/connect.2017.qgbc.9
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Culture , Planned communities and Sustainability
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error