Volume 2015, Issue 1
  • E-ISSN: 2223-506X


The emergency department (ED) is a primary health care unit and one of the main entrances to the hospital system where appropriate, timely and good performance can save lives. Lack of sufficient resources, such as beds and qualified health care professionals, are major stumbling blocks to providing timely and suitable services; but resources availability and moving towards the ideal situation without attention to budget restrictions is neither practical nor achievable. In this study, simulation optimization is used to finding the best configuration in ED resources (e.g., Bed, Nurse, and GP) that affects a patient's length of stay, subject to budget constraints. Simulation is used to analyze the system and estimate target function an optimization model is then solved under different budget constraints. By considering the current budget, the new configuration of 20 inpatient beds, 3 nurses and 1 GP, with 554.4 minutes of a patient's length of stay shows 8.1% length of stay (LOS) improvement. Whilst with a maximum 35.5 budget units allocation of 20 inpatient beds, 4 nurses and 3 GPs a 9.5% decrease in LOS is proposed.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): cost , emergency department , resource allocation and simulation optimization
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