1887
Volume 2008, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

To study the effectiveness of a regimen of repeated doses of vaginal misoprostol in the management of first trimester missed abortion, one hundred andfour pregnant women with first trimester non-viable pregnancies were treated with an initial dose of800 g of vaginal misoprostol followed after four hours by further doses of400 ! g fourhourly for a maximum of three doses. The complete expulsion rate was 85.6%. Fifty of the 104 (48.1%) women underwent surgical evacuation. In 14 (135%) women, gestational products were obtained and confirmed by histopathological examination. In 36 (34.6%) there were minimal or no products obtained and these were considered to be complete miscarriages. The cervical os was found open in all (135%) the incomplete miscarriages. Severe abdominal pain was experienced by 10.6% of the patients and excessive vaginal bleeding occurred in 135% of them. A fall in hemoglobin of more than one gramldl occurred in 5.8% of the women and another 5.8% of them had fever > 38°C. The stay in hospital was two days for 87 (83.7%) women and three days for 15 (14.4%) women. One (1%) woman stayed four days and another stayed less than one day. None of the women had any complications. This study demonstrated the efficacy and safety of vaginal misoprostol as a medical treatment for first trimester non-viable pregnancies using an initial dose of 800 g, followed after four hours by further doses of 400 ! g four-hourly for a maximum of three doses. This management also provided adequate cervical dilatation for surgical evacuation when complete expulsion did not occur.

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2008-06-01
2020-12-03
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