1887
Proceedings of the 24th World International Traffic Medicine Association Congress, Qatar 2015
  • ISSN: 2223-0440
  •  E-ISSN:  Will be obtained soon

Abstract

Oman has undergone a rapid epidemiological transition, and has witnessed substantial social and economic changes in the last four decades. Based on oil revenues, the government of Oman has accelerated the development, in the present context, of road network and rapid growth of motorization. Despite the positive side of the substantial development, however, there are other challenges appeared on the scene that have negative impacts. Today, road traffic crashes, injuries and fatalities are a public health challenge in Oman in terms of immeasurable human suffering along with the huge economic and social costs incurred as well as becoming a burden on health sector i.e. main external cause of morbidity, particularly among young and adults. Oman presents a fertile ground to explore the contributory factors of road traffic crashes and their consequences of injuries and fatalities. Recognizing the importance of research to understand road traffic injuries and provide effective interventions, The Research Council initiated a strategic program for road safety research within Oman in April 2010, the Road Safety Research Program (RSRP). The main objective of the RSRP is to promote scientific research and build national capacity in road safety research for the purpose of supporting decision makers in implementing evidence-based solutions to combat road traffic injuries in the Sultanate of Oman. The RSRP has operated on the basis of competitive and commissioned research grants as means to promote innovative research projects that would have a direct bearing on reducing the burden of road traffic injuries (RTI) in Oman. This presentation will highlight major projects funded within the RSRP that address low enforcement and traffic policing as a major intervention for road safety. In particular, this presentation will present findings from projects exploring traffic policing in Oman, evaluation of the deterrence practices for heavy vehicle safety, and traffic enforcement for novice driver safety. The presentation will also present some of the findings of a series of qualitative observations and interviews were conducted in Oman with 47 truck drivers. One objective of these observations was to explore the role enforcement strategies by the police in mitigating the risk of road traffic crashes of heavy vehicles using the deterrence theory. In addition, the presentation will show some of the findings from a study sought to explore the relationship between policing enforcement as well as current licensing system and young driver behavior using Akers' social learning theory. The study was conducted among 1319 Omani young drivers (72.9% Male and 27.1% female). Finally the presentation will discuss the implication of the findings of these studies suggest recommendations for improving deterrence and police enforcement in Oman and the region to improve road safety.

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/content/journals/10.5339/jlghs.2015.itma.71
2015-11-12
2020-05-30
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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