1887
Proceedings of the 24th World International Traffic Medicine Association Congress, Qatar 2015
  • ISSN: 2223-0440
  •  E-ISSN:  Will be obtained soon

Abstract

In 2010, road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the leading cause of deaths in those aged 1-19 years globally and half of those victims are vulnerable road users (VRUs), defined as pedestrians, bicyclists and motorcyclists. Low-income countries account for the highest proportion of VRU deaths. The change in distribution of the burden of RTI during recent decades is unclear. To highlight changes over time in RTI mortality among children and adolescents VRU and non-VRU globally, by region, and by country income level between 1990 and 2013. Country-level data were extracted from the global burden of disease study, split into seven geographical regions and four income levels (low-income [LICs], lower-middle [LMICs], upper-middle [UMICs] and high-income [HICs]). Mortality rates for 1990 and 2013 were calculated considering in turn all categories of road users aggregated, VRUs and non-VRUs. For all road users aggregated, at country level RTI mortality rates decreased sharply within each country income level and each region between 1990 and 2013, but an increase of 21% was found in LMICs of Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). Mortality rates for VRUs and nVRUs also decreased remarkably except among non-VRUs from LICs where the mortality rates increased by 16%. For VRUs, the reduction in mortality rates was more than twice as high in HICs (58%) and LICs (43%) than in UMICs (20%) or LMICs (23%). Considering country income level within regions revealed increased mortality rates for non-VRUs in LICs of South Asia by (26%) and for both non-VRUs (5%) and VRUs (35%) in the LMICs of SSA There have been considerable reductions in RTI mortality rates globally and by region of the world since 1990. While there is a need for enhanced RTI prevention globally, these findings call for the intensification of preventative efforts in specific parts of the world.

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/content/journals/10.5339/jlghs.2015.itma.62
2015-11-12
2020-04-04
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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