1887
Volume 2024, Issue 1
  • EISSN: 2616-4930

Abstract

تُعَدُّ السجلات الصحية الإلكترونية أحد الأسس المهمة التي تعتمد عليها عملية تقديم الرعاية الصحية داخل المستشفيات ومرافق الرعاية الصحية، وتنبع أهمية هذه السجلات من دورها في حفظ كافة البيانات لكل ما تم إجراؤه من فحوصات، وتشخيصات، وعلاج، وتقارير متابعة، وقرارات طبية. تهدف هذه الدراسة إلى تحديد خصائص السجلات الصحية الإلكترونية، وأهميتها، والعوامل الرئيسة التي تؤثر على تحقيق عائد استثمار إيجابي منها من وجهة نظر أعضاء الرعاية الصحية في المستشفى السلطاني في سلطنة عمان. واستخدمت الدراسة المنهج النوعي بإجراء مقابلات شبه مقننة مع عدد من أعضاء الرعاية الصحية بالمستشفى (أطباء، ممرضين، فنيي المعامل والفحوص التشخيصية، اختصاصي الجودة، اختصاصي تقنية المعلومات، اختصاصي السجلات الطبية). وتوصلت الدراسة إلى احتياج الأطباء للتدريب على وظائف نظام السجلات الصحية الإلكترونية والتعرف على مكوناته بشكل دقيق لضمان قدرتهم على استخدامه بشكل فعّال، وعدم تكرار البيانات في محتوى السجل الصحي الإلكتروني، فضلاً عما يواجهه الباحثون والمهتمون بالبيانات الصحية من تحديات من الممكن أن تؤثر على استثمار السجلات الصحية الإلكترونية لأغراض بحثية؛ مثل خصوصية وأمن السجلات الصحية وتحديات قانونية وتنظيمية. واقترحت الدراسة ضرورة العمل بشكل مشترك بين المؤسسات الصحية والباحثين لتحليل البيانات الصحية وتعظيم الاستفادة منها، وتوفير التدريب اللازم للعاملين في المجال الصحي حول كيفية استخدامهم لنظام السجل الصحي الإلكتروني بشكل صحيح وفعّال والتأكد من فهمهم للمعايير والإجراءات المتعلقة بالسجل الصحي الإلكتروني.

Electronic health records are crucial foundations for the process of providing healthcare within hospitals and healthcare facilities. Their importance stems from their role in preserving comprehensive data for all the examinations, diagnoses, treatments, follow-up reports, and medical decisions. This study aims to identify the characteristics of electronic health records, their importance, and the main factors that affect achieving a positive return on investment, from the perspective of healthcare members at the Royal Hospital in the Sultanate of Oman. The study used a qualitative approach by conducting semi-structured interviews with several healthcare professionals within the hospital (doctors, nurses, laboratory and diagnostic examination technicians, quality specialists, information technology specialists, and medical records specialists). The research findings indicate that doctors need training on the functions and components of the electronic health records system to use it effectively and to avoid data duplication in the content of the electronic health records. The study also identified challenges faced by those dealing with health data for research purposes, affecting the investment of health records, such as the privacy and security of health records and legal and regulatory challenges. The study recommends collaboration of efforts between health institutions and researchers to analyze health data and maximize their benefit, provide the necessary training for health workers on how to use the electronic health records system correctly and effectively, and ensure they understand the standards and procedures related to the electronic health records.

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2024-03-31
2024-04-24
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