1887
3 - Second Mustansiriyah International Dental Conference (MIDC 2023)
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

This study aims to assess the oral presentation in hemodialysis patients using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADs).

Forty Iraqi patients were involved in this study aged 22 to 66 years. The selected patients were admitted to the hemodialysis center in Al-Karama teaching hospital. All patients were on dialysis for 3-4 hours/week for 5 years. HAD scale was applied with an oral examination for all patients.

Bordered line and abnormal cases for HAD scale shared the same oral manifestation, including caries, attrition, abrasion, gingivitis, and coated tongue, with a percentage prevalence of 55, 90, 35, 50, and 60%, respectively. Depression has more impact than anxiety on developing an oral disease in hemodialysis patients for all diagnosed oral diseases.

Depression and anxiety are directly associated with developing caries, attrition, abrasion, gingivitis, and coated tongue. Moreover, depression was more effective in developing the disease.

HAD scale was a very effective evaluation tool for anxiety and depression. Hemodialysis patients should take into consideration anxiety and depression with oral changes.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.2
2023-10-16
2024-06-14
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jemtac/2023/3/jemtac.2023.midc.2.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.2&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Petersen PE: The World Oral Health Report: continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century—the WHO Global Oral Health Programme approach. Community Dent Oral Epidemiology 2003, 31::3–24.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Petersen PE, Bourgeois D, Ogawa H, Estupinan-Day S, Ndiaye C. The global burden of oral diseases and risks to oral health. Bull World Health Organ. 2005; 83::661–9.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Adamo D, Sardella A, Varoni E, et al. The association between burning mouth syndrome and sleep disturbance: a case-control multicentre study. Oral Dis. 2018; 24:(4):638–49.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Lópezjornet P, Camachoalonso F, Lucero BM. Measuring the impact of oral mucosa disease on quality of life. Eur J Dermatol. 2009; 19:(6):603–6.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Staines K, Greenwood M. Aphthous ulcers (recurrent). BMJ Clin Evid. 2015; 2015:(8):1397–403.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. El-Rufaie, O. E. F. & Absood, G. H. (1995) Retesting the validity of the Arabic version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale in primary health care. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 30:, 26–31.10.1007/BF00784431CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Dunbar, M., Ford, G., Hunt, K., et al. (2000) A confirmatory factor analysis of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale: comparing empirically and theoretically derived structures. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 39:, 79–94.10.1348/014466500163121CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Cunnion DT, Spiro A III, Jones JA, Rich SE, Papageorgiou CP, Tate A, et al.:. Pediatric oral health-related quality of life improvement after treatment of early childhood caries: a prospective multisite study. J Dent Child (Chic) 2010, 77::4–11.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Herrmann C. International experiences with the hospital anxiety and depression scale–a review of validation data and clinical results. J Psychosom Res. 1997; 42:(1):17–41.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Brady EU, Kendall PC. Comorbidity of anxiety and depression in children and adolescents. Psychol Bull. 1992; 111:(2):244–55.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Pati Abhishek Ranjan, Khan Mubeen, et al. Psychiatric morbidity in oral lichen planus: a preliminary study. J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol 2014; 26:[1]:19–23.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Mykletun A, Stordal E, Dahl AA. Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale: factor structure, item analyses, and internal consistency in a large population. Br J Psychiatry 2001; 179::540–544
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Newton JT, Edwards JC. Psychometric properties of the modified dental anxiety scale: an independent replication. Community Dent Health 2005; 22:(1):40–42.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Monteiro DR, Zuim PR, Pesqueira AA, Ribeiro Pdo, Garcia AR. Relationship between anxiety and chronic orofacial pain of temporomandibular disorder in a group of university students. J Prosthodont Res 2011; 55: (3):154–158
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Giannakopoulos NN, Keller L, Rammelsberg P, Kronmüller KT, Schmitter M. Anxiety and depression in patients with chronic temporomandibular pain and in controls. J Dent 2010; 38:(5):369–376.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Klages U, Ulusoy O, Kianifard S, Wehrbein H. Dental trait anxiety and pain sensitivity as predictors of expected and experienced pain in stressful dental procedures. Eur J Oral Sci 2004; 112:(6):477–483.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Delgado-Angulo EK, Sabbah W, Suominen AL, Vehkalahti MM, Knuuttila M, Partonen T, Nordblad A, Sheiham A, Watt RG, Tsakos G. The association of depression and anxiety with dental caries and periodontal disease among Finnish adults. Commun Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2015; 43:(6):540–9.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Wogelius P, Poulsen S, Sorensen HT: Prevalence of dental anxiety and behavior management problems among six to eight years old Danish children. Acta Odontol Scand 2003, 61:(3):178–83. 10.1080/00016350310003468
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Fardal O, Johannessen AC, Linden GJ: Pre-treatment conceptions of periodontal disease and treatment in periodontal referrals. J Clin Periodontol 2001, 28:(8):790–5. 10.1034/j.1600-051X.2001.280811.x.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Armfield JM, Slade GD, Spencer AJ: Dental fear and adult oral health in Australia. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2009, 37:(3):220–30. 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2009.00468.x
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Eitner S, Wichmann M, Paulsen A, Holst S: Dental anxiety–an epidemiological study on its clinical correlation and effects on oral health. J Oral Rehabil 2006, 33:(8):588–93. 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2005.01589.x
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Jokovic A, Locker D, Stephens M, Kenny D, Tompson B, Guyatt G: Measuring parental perceptions of child oral health-related quality of life. J Public Health Dent 2003, 63:: 67–72.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Mark A. Reynolds, Modifiable risk factors in periodontitis: at the intersection of aging and disease, periodontology, Volume64:, Issue1, February 2014, Pages 7-19.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Guiglia, R.; Musciotto, A.; Compilato, D.; Procaccini, M.; Russo, L. L.; Ciavarella, D.; Muzio, L., Aging and Oral Health: Effects in Hard and Soft Tissues. Current Pharmaceutical Design, Volume 16:, Number 6, 2010, pp. 619-630(12).
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Robert Stewart, Robert J. Weyant DMD, Melissa E. Garcia MPH, et al. Adverse Oral Health and Cognitive Decline: The Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. American Geriatrics Society 2022 Annual Scientific, Volume 61:, Issue 2, February 2013, Pages 177-184.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Jason M Armfield, Judy F Stewart & A John Spencer, The vicious cycle of dental fear: exploring the interplay between oral health, service utilization, and dental fear, BMC Oral Health volume 7:, Article number: 1 (2007).
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Armfield JM, Spencer AJ, Stewart JF: Dental fear in Australia: Who’s afraid of the dentist? Aust Dent J 2006, 51:(1):78-85.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Kamyar Nasseh, Barbara Greenberg, Marko Vujicic, and Michael Glick., The Effect of Chairside Chronic Disease Screenings by Oral Health Professionals on Health Care Costs., American Journal of Public Health (AJPH) April 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Janket SJ, Baird AE, Chuang SK, Jones JA. Meta-analysis of periodontal disease and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2003; 95:(3):559-69.
    [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.2
Loading
/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.2
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error