1887
6 The Anbar 2nd International Medical Conference (AIMCO 2022)
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to assess the prevalence and association between infection and alcohol, or cigarette use among Iraqi patients.

115 individuals needed upper gastrointestinal endoscopies in total. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), urea breath test, rapid urease test, CagA-IgG, and culture were all used to confirm infection. The information on alcohol consumption, smoking, sex, and age was collected using a standard questionnaire.

The gold standard test, RT-PCR, was used to detect infection in 81 (70.4%) of patients. infection was not affected by age (OR: 0.976; CI: 95% (0.944-1.009; P > 0.05), sex (OR: 1.26, 95% CI: 0.57–2.75; P > 0.05), or alcohol intake (OR: 0.293; CI: 95% (0.081-1.058; P > 0.05) according to the binary logistic regression analysis. Additionally, there was a considerable inverse association between smoking and infection (OR: 0.094; CI: 95% (0.025-0.352; P < 0.05). According to binary logistic regression analysis, both smoking (OR: 0.036; CI: 95% (0.007-0.182; P < 0.05) and alcohol intake (OR: 0.179; CI: 95% (0.041-0.988; P < 0.05) were inversely and significantly related with illness whereas infection did not alter with age (OR: 1.001; CI 95% (0.959-1.044; P > 0.05) in the male subgroup.

According to the study, males who smoke and drink are more likely to have infections. Furthermore, there was no positive association between age and infection.

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2022-12-06
2024-07-21
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Keyword(s): AlcoholH. pyloriPCR and Smoking
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