1887
Volume 2015, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 2220-2749
  • E-ISSN:

Abstract

Obesity is an international public health problem well documented in Qatar among children and adolescents and contributes to diabetes, a disease already highly prevalent in the country. We describe an intervention program developed for obese youth conducted by the Qatar Diabetes Association (QDA). The QDA conducts a 3-day structured program for obese youth at-risk for developing diabetes which includes physical activities, games and workshops aimed to increase awareness and guide improved diet, activity and related lifestyle choices. Using motivational interviewing techniques, obese youth develop action plans to modify diet and exercise which were shared with parents to promote collaboration and support. In 2011, one girls' camp (n = 15, mean age 12 years) and one boys' camp (n = 17, mean age 13 years) were held. All participants were considered obese: girls mean BMI = 31 kg/m2 (standard deviation (SD) 4.2) and boys mean BMI 35 kg/m2 (SD = 4.7). Youth reported fast food consumption at least twice a week by 6 (40 %) of girls and 10 (59 %) of boys and there was low self-declared frequency of daily physical activity (1 girl and 5 boys). Many stated their weight made their life worse due to fatigue, poor agility, or difficulty finding clothes. When individualized coaching was proposed, 87 % and 100 % of girls and boys felt ready to devise an action plan for improved health. The new national preventative healthcare mandate could facilitate modification and expansion of these QDA educational and behavioural intervention programs as part of the wider strategy to combat obesity in Qatar.

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2015-03-01
2019-08-20
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): adolescents , diabetes , obesity , Qatar and youth
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