1887
Volume 4(2023) Number 2
  • EISSN: 2708-0463

Abstract

نفذ البحث في محطة بحوث الطيبة، التابعة للهيئة العامة للبحوث العلمية الزراعية بدمشق، خلال خمسة مواسم زراعية (2017-2022)؛ بهدف تقويم السلالات الطافرة من الثوم الكسواني واليبرودي خلال الجيل الخامس الخضري MV، حيث تم تشعيع الأبصال بجرعات من أشعة جاما (1، 2.5، 5، 10 غري)، وتتبع النسل الطافر خمسة أجيال، وانتخاب سلالات جديدة متفوقة كمّاً ونوعاً (9 سلالات من الصنف الكسواني، وسلالتان من الصنف اليبرودي)، وصممت التجربة وفق القطاعات العشوائية الكاملة بأربعة مكررات لكل سلالة منتخبة، وتم تسجيل القراءات ومؤشرات النمو والإنتاجية. وبينت النتائج تفوق السلالات الطافرة والمنتخبة من الصنف الكسواني في الجيل الخامس (السلالة 2، 9) في أغلب مؤشرات النمو الخضري والإنتاجية، حيث بلغت النسبة المئوية للزيادة في الإنتاجية (50.60، 39.82%، على التوالي) مقارنةً مع الشاهد، ولم يلاحظ أية فروق معنوية بين السلالتين. كذلك بينت النتائج تفوق كل من السلالتين الطافرتين والمنتخبتين من الصنف اليبرودي (1 و3) تفوقهما في المؤشرات المدروسة، حيث بلغت النسبة المئوية للزيادة في الإنتاجية (73.03، 58.96%) مقارنةً مع الشاهد، ولم يلاحظ أية فروق معنوية بين السلالتين، وهذا يساهم في اعتماد وتسجيل هذه السلالات الجديدة المتفوقة كمّاً ونوعاً.

The experiment was carried out in Taiba Research Station/General Commission for Agricultural Research, Damascus during five Agriculture seasons (2017-2022) to evaluate mutant clones of the Keswani and the Yabrodi garlic during the fifth generation, the bulb was irradiated with doses of Gamma radiation (1, 2.5, 5, 10 gray 60Co), mutant offspring were followed several generations and new superior clones in quantity and quality (10 clones of the Keswani variety, 3 clones of the Yabrodi variety) were selected, the experiment design was completely randomized design for each selected clone. Growth and productivity indicators were recorded.

The results showed that the mutant clones selected from the Keswani cultivar were superior in the fifth generation (clone 2 and 9) in most indicators of vegetative growth and productivity, The percentage for increase in productivity was (50.60 and 39.82%, respectively) compared with the control and no significant differences were observed between the two clones. The results also showed the superiority of both mutant and selected clones over the Yabrodi variety (1 and 3) in the studied indicators, the percentage of increase in productivity was (73.03 and 58.96%, respectively) compared with the control and no significant differences were observed between the two clones. This contributes to the adoption and registration of these new clones that are superior in quantity and quality.

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2023-10-31
2024-07-13
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