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Abstract

Through travel, people discover whale sharks. They also come to know about the problem of the animals safety. Different things may be more or less strong at hurting or helping the sharks. Tourism may move other things that hurt sharks more than tourism away. Not all tourism is the same. Some tourism hurts sharks more. Not all places with sharks are the same. Some places are safer. A tourism service directory map gathers some services that help travellers. It shows different services for different things that different people may want to do. It can gather only the best services. It can show people the best services for their money and other needs. Good tourism helps sharks most where it is least safe for them. A service directory may show those services because they help the least safe sharks. If no services are where sharks are not safe, the directory can help make new services by sending travellers or giving help. If a bad thing happens to the people who give services at a place then the directory may help by sending more people to those services or giving help. People who run the directory must choose which services are good or in need. They must choose which places are safe and not safe for whale sharks. They must choose what services to show other people. We look at two approaches that explain helping the whale shark with a tourism service directory. The first approach is ‘citizen participation’. All people who use the directory are its citizens. They participate by:

  1. Letting it help them chose services
  2. Learning about the whale shark and how services hurt or help them
  3. Knowing about this when they decide which services to use
  4. Gathering information about the whale shark and the things that hurt or help them when they use services,
  5. Asking other people to join the service directory
  6. Deciding which services the directory should help create to help the whale shark
  7. Deciding which services the directory should help when bad things hurt the people who make the services
  8. Deciding which tourism services are not good and should not be in the directory.
The second approach is ‘distributive justice’. If citizens of the service directory decide where money and tourists go then they must serve the shark and people who serve it the same as each other. To do this the citizens decide on the control of the directory with three stages:
  1. A larger law that all other controls must follow. This helps stop the controls going too far and hurting people who serve the whale shark. It is the constitution and design stage.
  2. Laws of how the service directory is controlled. Where tourists and money should be put. People who create these laws should work for the good of the worst off sharks and people and not their own reasons. This is the legislation and development stage.
  3. People who decide on whether each service should be in the directory, whether it should be created or helped. They should act as though they are the law and are answerable to the laws of the directory. This is the enacting stage.
People who use the whale shark tourism directory should be citizens of the service directory. As they participate with the directory they do more for the whale shark. They must also be just towards the shark and the people who serve it. Tourism service directory maps can be used for more than advertising. They can direct the tourism industry to help the whale shark.

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/content/papers/10.5339/qproc.2016.iwsc4.35
2016-05-15
2019-08-25
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