Bioclimatic architecture has developed over many years to address the problems inherent in buildings. Through a process of trial and error our ancestors have found effective ways to handle the different climatic conditions. All through history, people were trying to adapt their buildings with the environment in order to create better living conditions. Traditionally, dwellings and other buildings have been constructed with full respect to the characteristics of a particular geographical location in order to control its local climatic conditions. Consequently, different types of architecture have arisen to adapt different climatic and cultural conditions, which vary from region to region. Traditional and vernacular buildings showed real sustainability through employing native construction materials and techniques, which efficiently enabled them to minimize their negative environmental impacts, reduce the energy required to supply different climatic controllers and provide indoor thermal comfort.Nowadays, the trend towards an internationalized style of building could result in a reduction in the traditional solutions, which have served several cultures well for many centuries. Of course, people quite rightly demand new architectural designs and high standards of comfort in buildings. These demands are also achievable through the careful combination of traditional and modern bioclimatic principles. The advantages of this option are clear; there is a dramatic reduction of energy needs and an increased use of the architectural style with which people feel at ease. Green buildings and bioclimatic architecture may also promote the preservation of heritage and cultural identity which is a very important matter for the evolving societies. Furthermore while the preservation of natural resources is a universal issue, the specific importance of sustainability and passive design is an up to date topic. Therefore this review paper examines the integration of bioclimatic strategies and passive techniques in modern architecture towards a sustainable, comfortable and energy efficient built environment focusing on the warm climatic regions of the world.


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  • Received: 22 April 2015
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