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Abstract

The integration process of persons with disabilities with their normal peers in all fields and in the community reflects a humanitarian philosophy; and it represents a moral leap towards the provision of appropriate education for the care of this group within the right environment. According to the integrative environment, people are individualistic in different ways, thus the merger is social justice. To begin with, we have to assume that all people can learn when providing them with the appropriate amount of support. Herein lies the vision of the merger as the interest in special education and envisioning the strength of the merger in light of other issues of human differences depending on age, language, and/or physical, mental, or sensory characteristics and others. Accordingly, the environment and society must accommodate all these differences and diversity among humans, which were founded for the integration and construction of the community to achieve "equality and full participation". This basically means involving them in programs to facilitate their acquisition of skills that will improve their job performance in the environment. This can be achieved through the opportunities offered by the overall merger in the educational, social and other institutions, which are focused in two main aspects: normalization and ultimate functioning. Implementation of the merger policy necessitates certain conditions and potential along with support and supportive services, in order to provide the best conditions for the success of this policy. The merger policy is based on three main assumptions: first is the readiness for spontaneous experiences of social interaction between persons with disabilities and ordinary peers; second is to increase opportunities for social acceptance of people with disabilities by ordinary; and third involves creating adequate opportunities for persons with disabilities to model forms of behavior as their ordinary peers. The process of developing a comprehensive integration of supportive environments for people with disabilities pauses a real challenge; as it is a continuous, renewable, and flexible process that responds to all the changes that occur in the environment, policies and others. As an integral process it transforms from policy to practice staffed by a multidisciplinary team that should be built on specific strategic planning parameters. Such a process is linked to changeable factors such as prevalent trends & tendencies of members in the society towards the disabled, as well as the existing policies and legislation. It can also be argued that developing comprehensively integral environments for the disabled with their normal peers is linked to the extent of faith the various authorities in the community has in this philosophy, which in turn have the power to form the positive momentum to achieve the merger one way or another, and to one degree or another. By the same token, they emphasize the rights of the disabled and attain equality, justice and comprehensive participation. Accordingly, the current study seeks to: - Shed light on the concept of integrative environment, its philosophy, elements and indicators of quality. - Address the incumbent challenges of this process & ways to deal with them. Hence the significance of the study, especially since the State of Qatar applies the principle of the integration of persons with disabilities in education, work and society. This study uses the descriptive analytical approach and reference to the literature and the results of previous recent research studies in the field; and then offer a number of suggestions and recommendations in the light of the outcome of the study results.

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/content/papers/10.5339/qproc.2015.coe.41
2015-04-30
2019-08-23
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/papers/10.5339/qproc.2015.coe.41
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  • Received: 30 Apr 2015
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