1887

Abstract

Abstract

The seasonal accessibility and stability of pesticides by spreading and/or decomposing result in the migration and deposition of these products to all elements of the environment. In the context of a complex, multi-factor chemical hypersensitivity, the presence of pesticides in the environment and their long-term negative effects is an important factor in the health condition of the population living in areas of intensive pesticide use. Aside from the adult population, the rural child population is especially exposed. The constant exposure of children to even low concentrations of pesticides may lead to permanent health disorders and limits to their development. A child’s exposure already starts during the prenatal period of development, when toxic substances, including pesticides and their metabolites penetrate through the placental barrier into the foetus, which may inhibit intrauteral growth and contribute to the reduction in the duration of pregnancy or lower birth weight. Children absorb toxic substances via the respiratory and alimentary route more easily than adults, discharge xenobionts cumulated in the body more slowly, have a quicker pace of metabolic change, and their physiology is constantly developing. Therefore, it is advisable to evaluate the effect of environmental exposure of pesticides to children living in areas where there is intensive use of plant protection products. Key words: Pesticides / Environmental Exposure / Children / Biomarkers

LUCYNA KAPKA-SKRZYPCZAK, MAŁGORZATA CYRANKA, MACIEJ SKRZYPCZAK, MARCIN KRUSZEWSKI .

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/content/papers/10.5339/qproc.2012.mutagens.3.93
2012-03-01
2019-11-12
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/papers/10.5339/qproc.2012.mutagens.3.93
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  • Received: 16 May 2012
  • Accepted: 16 May 2012
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