The majority of biomedical research has been predominantly motivated by concern for the benefit of the communities. Therefore, establishment of Research Ethics committees is essential for communicating bioethical issues and ethical perspectives when we are carrying out Genetic Toxicology research. These committees need to follow the international standards and to set up guidelines to follow to evaluate the research projects. International guidelines can assist in strengthening the capacity for the ethical review of biomedical research in all countries contributes. The ethical and scientific standards for carrying out biomedical research on human subjects have been developed and established in international guidelines, including the Declaration of Helsinki, the CIOMS International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects, and the WHO and ICH Guidelines for Good Clinical Practice. Compliance with these guidelines helps to ensure that the dignity, rights, safety, and wellbeing of research participants are promoted and that the results of the investigations are credible. Ethical and scientific review of biomedical research is required alongside informed consent as essential measures to protect the individual person and the communities who participate in research. Biomedical research includes genetic toxicology research, research on pharmaceuticals, medical devices, medical radiation and imaging, surgical procedures, medical records, and biological samples, as well as epidemiological, social, and psychological investigations. As an example, in Egypt, the Ministry of Higher Education created The Egyptian National Bioethics Committee (NBC) in 1996. The mission of the committee is to serve as the international contact organization for bioethics, especially with regard to the communication with the UNESCO. It gives advice to and cooperates with the other Egyptian committees that deal with bioethical issues and raise awareness for bioethical questions in Egypt. The committee has established working groups, for medical and pharmaceutical applications, for food and agricultural applications, and for information. It sees itself as counterpart of the International Bioethics Committee (IBC) of the UNESCO. The NBC has issued reports on conducting biological and medical research, on human organ transplantation, surrogate motherhood, and scientific research on gene therapy. The NBC has members with different education, e.g. medicine, agriculture, biology, law, religious and social sciences. Since the 1980s Egypt has hosted a number of regional and international conferences, dealing with bioethical questions. Furthermore, several Egyptian universities and research centers established ethical committee and they are very active in improving the quality of their performance through networking and training programs.


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  • Received: 12 May 2012
  • Accepted: 12 May 2012
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