1887

Abstract

Laundering processes use significant amounts of water, including water-washing processes and dual-phase washing. These processes perform a separation process in which soil and stains are removed from a textile substrate. The most important ingredients of laundry detergents are bleach, water softeners and surfactants. Using laundry effluent into gardens and lawns was shown to be technically possible without treatment in many areas in Australia and USA. Among the various environmental concerns facing Qatar, the most pressing is linked to the country's most acute water scarcity according to Qatar's National Development Strategy 2011-2016 (QNDPS). Farming in Qatar continue to make heavy demands on Qatar's precious water resources. Laundry wastewater reuse for food production could make a significant contribution to redirecting Qatar's precious natural resources to higher value uses. Related issues like food safety, hygienic issues and possible ground water contaminations should be investigated in parallel with any step to be taken in this regard. The current study aims to evaluate the reuse of laundry wastewater from Qatari household in irrigating edible vegetables (Fig. 1). The wastewater is fully characterized. The analysis includes pH, EC (conductivity) and COD (chemical oxygen demand). In addition Total cations (Na, K, Ca, and Mg), total anions (HCO3, SO4, and Cl), and trace elements including Mn, Cu, Pb, Zn, Co, Fe, and Cd will be found. The same characterization is followed for the different parts of the plants; leaves, roots, stem, fruits and the planting soil itself. Irrigating with tap water is used as reference (Fig. 2). Plants and soil irrigated with tap water is subjected to the same chemical analysis as the wastewater. The project will shed light on the possibility for the reuse of this valuable wastewater stream. The study will compare the results with international standards and a statements about the suitability of using laundry greywater for irrigation will be withdrawn. The research will define the limitations and put recommendations and suggestions for further implementation. The results from this study are expected to support people working in water and safe food sector in Qatar.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/papers/10.5339/qfarf.2013.EESP-030
2013-11-20
2019-11-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/papers/10.5339/qfarf.2013.EESP-030
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error