The metabolic syndrome is a clustered syndrome characterized by five major abnormalities: cardiovascular risk factors, including elevated blood pressure, dyslipidemia, impaired glycemic control, and abdominal obesity. Although, this syndrome is reaching an epidemic spread in parallel to obesity, the incidence of the metabolic syndrome is expected to continue to rise, enabling the exercise prescription to contribute to optimal treatment at the socioeconomic scale. Exercise training reduces several of the symptoms of the syndrome, but the exercise modality and intensity that yields the maximal beneficial adaptations is controversial. The optimal level of physical training needed to prevent and treat the metabolic syndrome and its associated cardiovascular abnormalities remains undefined. A combination of frequency, intensity, and duration of chronic exercise is responsible for producing a training effect. The interaction of these factors shall provide the required stimulus. This paper will emphasize the adequate dose of exercise needed for most disorders.


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