Background and Objectives: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Qatar is the highest in the world. It is estimated that about one quarter of the T2D patients in Qatar are still undiagnosed. We set out to examine determinants of pre-diabetes (PD) or undiagnosed T2D (UT2D). Furthermore, we examined risk factors for glucose regulation in patients with known T2D. Methods: We examined 178 patients with known T2D and 196 controls. Anthropometrics and HbA1c were measured. Socio-demographic (age, gender, ethnicity and educational level) and health information were assessed through questionnaires. Results: Twenty-six (13.3%) and twelve (6.1%) participants in the control group were PD and UT2D, respectively. Control participants from South Asian descent were at a greater risk of being PD or UT2D than Arab controls (Odds Ratio: 5.27 (95% confidence interval: 2.10, 13.22). Being obese was also associated with an increased risk of PD or UT2D (Odds Ratio: 2.94 (95% confidence interval: 1.31, 6.59). Of control participants from South Asian descent, 38% were actually PD or UT2D. In patients with known T2D, insulin use and a longer duration of T2D were both related to higher HbA1c levels (both p<0.0001). No socio-demographic factors were associated with glucose control in T2D. Conclusions: In a nation with a large South Asian immigrant population, we found a strong increased risk of being PD or UT2D in these subjects. Focus should be on the prevention and early identification in South Asian individuals. Larger studies are necessary to further examine the determinants of T2D and glucose regulation in Qatar.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error