Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by developmentally inappropriate inattentiveness, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, and is the most common and thoroughly researched neuropsychiatry disorder affecting children and adolescence. The diagnosis of ADHD requires a comprehensive clinical assessment, including a detailed patient history, clinical interview and observation, and a thorough physical examination. Objective: Our study is a prospective study to analyze the socio-demographic data of children with the diagnosis of ADHD attending the outpatient clinic of the department of psychiatry at Hamad General Hospital in Qatar, the co-morbid psychiatric disorder associated with ADHD, and also the effect of different treatment modalities on those patients. Results: 29.2% of patients have co-morbid autism, up to 17.6% for organic brain syndrome; oppositional defiant disorders and conduct disorder, followed by depression and obsessive compulsive disorder in 5.8% of cases. Conclusion: Clinically, treatment with stimulants result in an immediate, often dramatic, improvement in the core symptoms of ADHD. We concluded that accurate diagnosis and optimal management of this disorder may be the keys to improving long term outcomes of youth with this disorder.


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