Posaconazole (PZ), an antifungal prophylactic therapy in hematologic cancer patients, was added to Al-Amal Hospital formulary in 2010. The objectives of this study are: 1. To identify the practice guidelines and pharmacokinetics information regarding PZ use in Qatar and worldwide. 2. To conduct a drug use evaluation (DUE) report at Al-Amal Hospital.

Literature review was conducted to answer the first objective. A retrospective DUE report was conducted to include 10 randomly chosen hematologic cancer patients who used PZ during the year 2010. Patients profiles were reviewed and data were collected into a pre-prepared collection sheet.

PZ was approved for prophylaxis in hematologic cancer patients →13 years in USA, Canada, and Australia, →18 years in the European Union and >15 years in Qatar. PZ has low bioavailability that can be enhanced by co-administration of high fat meals and by dividing the total daily dose. Data regarding PZ TDM is controversial. PZ undergoes several drug-drug interactions. For example, co-administration of proton pump inhibitors may result in PZ sub-therapeutic levels. Co-administration of vincristine may result in higher neurological toxicity, mainly gastrointestinal problems, due to the inhibitory potency of PZ on cytochrome P450 enzymes. A patient receiving vincristine based chemotherapy protocol concurrently with PZ developed seizure. Another patient developed mild breakthrough fungal infection while on PZ prophylactically.

The PZ regulations in Qatar are similar to the worldwide recommendations. The PZ practice in Al-Amal hospital abides by the regulations. Possible serious PZ drug-drug interactions, seizures, in hematologic cancer patients should be highlighted and carefully monitored.


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