Bettahi I1-2, Ramanjaneya M1-2, Jerobin J1-2, Sivaraman SK1, Rasha Alsiddig3, Mohammad RM4, Skarulis MC1-2 and Abou-Samra AB2-3. 1Translational Research Institute, Academic Health System, 2Department of Medicine, 3Qatar Metabolic Institute, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar, 4Karmanos Cancer Center, Wayne State University. Background: Obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, increasing the risk of hypertension, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia, recognized as the metabolic syndrome. Adiponectin paralogs designate as C1q/TNF-related protein (CTRPs) have recently emerged as key regulators of metabolism and is a core component in the interrelationship between insulin resistance, adiposity, and inflammation. CTRP-11 functions as an adipose stroma-derived regulator of adipogenesis. Aim and objectives: The aim of this study is to characterize the anti-inflammatory potential of the CTRP-11. Methods: Cell lines differentiation: Human THP1 cells were maintained in RPMI-1640 supplement with 10%FBS. Cells were seeded in 24 well and stimulated with PMA for 48 hours to differentiate them to macrophages and rested for 24 hrs. For all stimulation experiments, cells were grown for overnight in serum-free media. Cells were then treated with CTRP11 for 24 hours and then re-stimulated with LPS for 6 hrs. Cells were collected for RNA extraction and genes expression using Real-Time PCR. FACS analysis: After differentiation and incubation with LPS and LPS/CTRP11, Cells were stained with human anti-CD206 and anti-CD163. Following incubation, cells were washed, and fluorescence compared to unstained. All data were analyzed using FlowJo software. Results: Our preliminary data provide that CTRP11 decreased both IL-6, TNF-α and NF-kb expression of mRNA level in THP-1 macrophages activated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (p < 0.005), compared to (LPS) alone. THP-1 macrophages showed and increased in M2 polarization marker CD206 and CD163 after incubation with LPS/CTRP compared to LPS alone. Conclusion: Future studies are in progress to further assess the effects of adiponectin paralogs (CTRP11) on cytokine excretion by ELISA on Human macrophages M1 and M2. Abbreviation: LPS: lipopolysaccharide; PMA: phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate.


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