1887
Volume 2021, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Background: Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) in adults causes diagnostic and prognostic dilemma as radiography and/or computed tomography does not clearly detect bone lesions during the initial assessment. Herein, we report our experience on 11 spinal cord injury cases without radiographic abnormality, regarding the clinicoradiological features, management, and outcomes.

Methods: We conducted a case series of adult patients with SCIWORA who were admitted at the level 1 trauma center at Hamad General Hospital from January 2008 to July 2018. All patients underwent initial head and spine X-ray imaging, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and 12 months of clinical follow-up.

Results: Eleven patients (mean age, 46.5 ± 14.4 years) met the criteria of SCIWORA. The neurologic status on admission and 12 months after hospital discharge were classified according to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale (AIS). On admission, 6 (54.5%) patients had ASIA grade C: 2 (18.2%) each had AIS grade D and B and 1 (9.1%) had AIS grade A. Five cases were treated conservatively with rehabilitation and physiotherapy, and five were treated surgically by anterior cervical discectomy with fusion. One patient who declined surgery was managed with a sternal occipital mandibular immobilizer brace and underwent rehabilitation.

Conclusion: SCIWORA requires higher clinical suspicion and thorough neurological and radiologic assessment to prevent secondary spinal cord injuries and complications.

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2021-11-23
2022-12-09
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