Volume 2022 Number 1
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094


Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first discovered in China and resulted in a pandemic crisis.1,2 Many agents were investigated with inconclusive outcomes.3 This study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety outcomes of darunavir-cobicistat versus lopinavir-ritonavir in the treatment of patients with COVID-19. This retrospective, multicenter, observational study was conducted on adult patients hospitalized in COVID-19 facilities in Qatar. Patients were included if they had pneumonia and received darunavir-cobicistat or lopinavir-ritonavir for at least three days as part of their COVID-19 treatment. Data were collected from patients’ electronic medical records. The primary outcome was a composite endpoint of time to clinical improvement and/or virological clearance. Data were analyzed descriptively and inferential statistics were applied at alpha level of 0.05. A total of 400 patients’ medical records were analyzed, of whom 100 received darunavir-cobicistat and 300 received lopinavir-ritonavir. The majority of patients were male (92.5%), with a mean (SD) time from symptoms onset to start of therapy of 7.57 days (SD 4.89). Patients who received lopinavir-ritonavir had a significantly faster time to the primary composite endpoint of clinical improvement and/or virological clearance than patients who received darunavir-cobicistat (4 days [IQR 3-7] vs. 6.5 days [IQR 4-12]; HR 1.345 [95%CI: 1.070–1.691], p = 0.011) [Figure 1]. Patients who received lopinavir-ritonavir had a significantly faster time to clinical improvement (5 days [IQR 3-8] vs. 8 days [IQR 4-13]; HR 1.520 (95%CI: 1.2–1.925), p = 0.000), and slower time to virological clearance than those who received darunavir-cobicistat (25 days [IQR 15-33] vs. 21 days [IQR 12.8-30]; HR 0.772 (95%CI: 0.607-0.982), p = 0.035) [Figure 2]. No significant difference in adverse events incidence or severity was observed. In patients with COVID-19, early treatment with lopinavir-ritonavir was associated with faster time to reach the primary composite endpoint of clinical improvement and/or virological clearance than treatment with darunavir-cobicistat. Future trials are warranted to confirm these findings.


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  • Article Type: Conference Abstract
Keyword(s): Antiviral TherapyCoronavirusCOVID-19Darunavir-Cobicistat and Lopinavir-Ritonavir
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