1887
Volume 2022 Number 1
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

Obesity is a chronic illness that affects a lot of health aspects1. The general preparation for the bariatric surgery and the lengthy weight-loss time, particularly in individuals with many comorbidities, are challenging and a complex process2. Successful control of such a process requires the integration of several domains of the healthcare system that includes surgical care, nutritional management3, social support, and medical management of such diseases. Thus, the present study was to identify the effect of the bariatric surgery on the absorption of various micronutrients. This is an animal study on 20 albino rabbits sorted into control and experimental group (n = 10 each). All the rabbits followed the same diet, had the same living condition, and experienced physical activity opportunities. Then the blood samples were collected from all the rabbits after one month (each group) via the jugular vein. Also, several laboratory tests were performed (such as the levels of folate, iron, vitamins E, A, D, K, B-1, B-12, calcium, magnesium, and zinc). The results showed that the percentage of the rabbits that had a deficiency in micronutrients after the bariatric surgery increased compared with the control group (Table 1). In addition, the mean laboratory results of micronutrients decreased in the rabbits after the bariatric surgery compared with the control group (Table 2). This was observed in folate (-0.023), vitamin D (-0.015), and zinc (-2.35) levels. Finally, the deficiency of the absorption of micronutrients resulted in a change in the anatomy of the gastrointestinal tract through the bariatric surgery, a surgery that altered the pH, changed the solubility, and caused the loss of some of the absorption transporters.

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2021-12-09
2022-10-07
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References

  1. Różańska-Walędziak A, Bartnik P, Kacperczyk-Bartnik J, et al. The Impact of Bariatric Surgery on Menstrual Abnormalities-a Cross-Sectional Study. OBES SURG, 2020 Jul 13, 30:(11): 4505–4509.
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  3. Javanainen M, Pekkarinen T, Mustonen H, et al. Two-Year Nutrition Data in Terms of Vitamin D, Vitamin B12, and Albumin After Bariatric Surgery and Long-term Fracture Data Compared with Conservatively Treated Obese Patients: a Retrospective Cohort Study. Obes Surg. 2018 Sep, 28:(9):2968–2975.
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  • Article Type: Conference Abstract
Keyword(s): AbsorptionAnimal StudyBariatric SurgeryMicronutrients and Nutrients Deficiency

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