1887
2 - Qatar Health 2021 Conference abstracts
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is defined clinically as the presence of signs and symptoms of pneumonia in a previously healthy child due to an infection that has been acquired outside the hospital.1,2 There is no previous data available from children in Qatar on CAP.3 To evaluate the incidence, clinical features, management, outcomes and, complications in infants and children presenting to Al Wakra Hospital, Qatar with CAP. This is a prospective, observational, non-interventional study that assessed all children aged 3 months to 14 years, during a period of 12 months, from November 2017 to November 2018. The incidence of CAP was found to be 2.8 per 1000 of all patients presenting to Al Wakra Pediatric Emergency Department Qatar (328 of 116,761patients). The majority of cases were children 1-5 years (58.2%) (Table 1). Fifty-one percent and 61.3% of children admitted to inpatient wards had dyspnoea and tachypnea respectively. This is to be compared to 88.5% and 96.2% of patients respectively admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) with dyspnoea and with tachypnea. C-reactive protein (CRP) more than 50 mg/L was noted in 48.2% of patients admitted to inpatient wards and 26.7% of patients admitted to PICU (Table 2). Oral amoxicillin was prescribed for 1.5% of patients, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for 18% of patients, a further 18% had cefuroxime, and 29% had clarithromycin. Intravenous (IV) cefuroxime was the most used IV medication (29.6% of all patients). Nearly 50% of patients were admitted to inpatient wards, with 7.9% transferred to PICU, and only 39.3% discharged home without admission. Community acquired pneumonia represents 0.28% of all studied patients. More than 60% of the patients with CAP were admitted either to inpatient wards or to PICU.

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/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2021.qhc.24
2021-08-23
2021-09-27
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References

  1. Rudan I, Boschi-Pinto C, Biloglav Z, Mulholland K, Campbell H. Epidemiology and etiology of childhood pneumonia. Bull World Health Organ. 2008; 86:: 408–416.
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  2. Rudan I, Tomaskovic L, Boschi-Pinto C, Campbell H. WHO Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group. Global estimate of the incidence of clinical pneumonia among children under five years of age. Bull World Health Organ. 2004; 82: 895–903.
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  3. Mahboub B, Al Zaabi A, Al Ali OM, Ahmed R, Niederman MS, El-Bishbishi R. Real life management of community-acquired Pneumonia in adults in the Gulf region and comparison with practice guidelines: a prospective study. BMC Pulm Med. 2015;15:112.
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  • Article Type: Conference Abstract
Keyword(s): CAP , chest infection , children , lower respiratory tract infection and pneumonia
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