1887
2 - International Conference in Emergency Medicine and Public Health-Qatar Proceedings
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  •  E-ISSN:  Will be obtained soon 1999-7094

Abstract

Vaccine preventable diseases continue to kill large numbers of young children each year UNICEF estimates that 1.2 million deaths to children under five years of age could be prevented at low cost by vaccinating children. For example, it is estimated that measles related deaths have been reduced from about 2.5 million per year in 1980 to less than one million in 1990 (2)-a decline of more than 60 percent during the decade of the 1980s.

Vaccinations are one of the most cost effective means to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with infectious diseases. The introduction of the vaccine has led to nearly a 90–100 percent reduction in target disease morbidity and mortality.

The information was collected used adopted WHO cluster survey 210 children to satisfy the research objectives_30 clusters with respondent in each were randomly chosen.

The result obtained showed that: Percentage of coverage with the BCG the number of vaccinated children by card (143) and from memory (12) with total percentage 74% and non-immunized (55) 26% for Penta3 and OPV3 the coverage was (57%) and the PCV3 coverage was (71%). The major reasons for non-immunization were unawareness of need for immunization or not able to return back to the second or third doses because of long distance and finance constrain. The study recommended that Strengthen social mobilization to increase routine immunization coverage and screening of defaulter children during the campaigns besides spending more efforts to decrease the dropout rate.

Darfur conflict during last decade, leads to massive population movement (nomads – refugees) that can threat the coverage all targeted children and reach every area but EPI in Sudan do effort to cover all population during campaign and routine immunization.

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/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2016.icepq.85
2016-10-09
2020-04-07
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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