2 - Second Qatar Allergy Conference
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426


Soluble anti-antigen antibodies (Anti-ENA) represent a specificity of anti-nuclear autoantibodies (ANA), which are directed against nuclear particles composed of small RNA (Ribonucleic acid) and proteins. They are found during certain autoimmune diseases (ADs), most frequently during systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Gougerot syndrome. The aim of this study is to retrospectively analyze the positive serum for Anti-ENA antibodies and associated pathologies.

This study was carried out at the Immunology Department, Central Laboratory of Medical Analysis, University Hospital Hassan II - Fez, Morocco, for a period of 2 years. 821 serum samples were included. The indirect immunofluorescence method (IFI) was used to search the ANAs in the serums. In the case of a positive result, an identification of the antigenic targets was performed by the Immunodot technique according to the supplier’s recommendations (D-Tek).

Eighty-eight serums were found positive for anti-ENA antibodies. The mean age in our series was 41 ±15.5 years. There were 80 women and 8 men with a sex ratio F/M of 10. The results by associated pathologies show a strong association of the anti-ENA antibodies’ positivity with lupus and Gougerot syndrome.

Anti-ENA antibodies are important immunological markers for lupus and Gougerot syndrome diagnosis.


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