1887
2 - Second Qatar Allergy Conference
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

The role of breastfeeding in the primary prevention of allergic diseases remains controversial, with hardly any reported studies from developing countries.

To evaluate the association between breastfeeding and the presence of allergies. Specifically, we aimed to demonstrate the association between the exclusivity of breastfeeding and the prevalence of allergies, including asthma, eczema, allergic rhinitis, and food allergy. Secondly, to ascertain the impact of feeding cow milk as complimentary feeding on the prevalence of atopy. Finally, we intended to substantiate the association between maternal education and breastfeeding awareness.

A cross-sectional study was conducted; 182 participants were enrolled. A confidential, anonymous questionnaire was administered to the participants’ mothers (those attending Academy Charity Teaching Hospital with children aged six months to 10 years). Crude associations between exclusive or non-exclusive breastfeeding and atopic diseases were evaluated using Chi-Square Test by computing crude odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% Confidence Interval (CI) with α level of 0.05. Multiple logistic regression models were used to estimate the effect of exclusive breastfeeding on allergic diseases. The sample was adjusted for confounding factors such as gender, family history, number of siblings, and paternal and/or maternal smoking habits.

Of the 182 participants included in this study, 95(52.2%) were not exclusively breastfed, and 87(47.8%) were exclusively breastfed. The prevalence of allergic diseases in the children who received non-exclusive breastfeeding compared with those with exclusive breastfeeding showed a significantly higher prevalence of atopy [OR =3.6 95%CI: 1.87-6.94] with a p-value <0.001, even more, significant when the sample was adjusted for family history [OR =4.59 95%CI: 1.96-10.75] with a p-value <0.001. Moreover, milk administration as a complementary feeding type was not significantly associated with the development of atopy [OR =1.65 95%CI: 0.87-3.14] with a p-value of 0.14.

There is evidence that exclusive breastfeeding is protective against atopy. Mothers should breastfeed mainly for the first six months of child age and continue with partial breastfeeding beyond that age.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2023.sqac.19
2023-05-28
2024-07-15
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/qmj/2023/2/qmj.2023.sqac.19.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2023.sqac.19&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Munblit D, Korsunskiy I, Asmanov A, Hanna H. The role of breastfeeding and weaning practices in allergic disease development. Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology. 2017 Jun 30; 30:(2):76-81.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Lodge CJ, Tan DJ, Lau MX, Dai X, Tham R, Lowe AJ, Bowatte G, Allen KJ, Dharmage SC. Breastfeeding and asthma and allergies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta Paediatrica. 2015 Dec 1; 104:(S467):38-53.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Munblit D, Peroni DG, Boix-Amorós A, Hsu PS, Land BV, Gay MC, Kolotilina A, Skevaki C, Boyle RJ, Collado MC, Garssen J. Human milk and allergic diseases: an unsolved puzzle. Nutrients. 2017 Aug 17; 9:(8):894.
    [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2023.sqac.19
Loading
/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2023.sqac.19
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error