1887
Volume 2023, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Background: There is limited data available regarding the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) among children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in Arab countries and the Middle East. This cross-sectional study has been designed to explore the prevalence of CD specifically within the population of Moroccan children and adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

Patients and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of patients who underwent regular follow-up for T1DM at the Pediatric Endocrinology Unit, Abderrahim Harouchi Children’s University Hospital in Casablanca, over a 16-year period from 2004 to 2020. Patients were screened for CD by measuring anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA, and those with positive antibodies underwent endoscopy assessment.

Results and Discussion: All 550 patients regularly followed up with TIDM were screened for CD. Fifty-five (33 girls/22 boys) of the screened patients had histologically documented CD, yielding a prevalence of 10%. Nineteen (41.9%) patients had developed CD within the initial four years of diagnosis with T1DM. Therefore, among the six confirmed CD patients, the average age at the onset of T1DM was 3.7 years. For twenty-four (57.5%) of the patients, exhibited no apparent clinical indications of CD, and their condition was only identified through systematic screening.

Conclusion: This study showed a high prevalence rate of CD associated with type 1 diabetes T1DM, particularly among young children. The results of this paper indicate one of the highest prevalence rates reported in the existing literature for the coexistence of CD and T1DM. These findings may suggest the necessity of a systematic screening of CD in T1DM patients.

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2023-12-26
2024-07-13
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