1887
Volume 2023, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Background: Febrile seizures, convulsive episodes in young children during febrile illnesses, are a significant concern due to their potential for recurrence and associated uncertainties. This study investigated the causes and risks associated with recurrent febrile seizures and the critical role of electroencephalogram (EEG) in their accurate diagnosis.

Methods: Following Institutional Review Board approval and going through the consenting process with parents, this study gathered the clinical features and EEG recordings of children admitted with febrile seizures in the Department of Pediatrics, Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Kakatiya Medical College, Warangal, Telangana, India. Descriptive statistics, including mean, standard deviation (SD), frequencies, and percentages, were computed to understand the data comprehensively. The Chi-Square test was employed to analyze the association between variables, with a significance level of 0.05, ensuring reliable and trustworthy findings.

Results: Out of 42 children studied, 28 (66.67%) presented with simple febrile seizures, with the mean time of occurrence of seizures from the onset of fever being 7.85 hours. Abnormal EEG was seen in 50% of children with complex febrile seizures and 16% with simple febrile seizures. Generalized epileptiform discharges were the most common epileptic activity observed. Low sodium levels had a significant relationship with febrile seizures in the analysis.

Conclusions: This study emphasizes the importance of EEG in diagnosing febrile seizures, particularly in complex cases. Our findings suggest that low sodium levels may be a significant risk factor for febrile seizures. Further research is necessary to identify other preventable risk factors to reduce the burden of the medical condition.

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2023-12-26
2024-06-17
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): childrenEEGFebrile seizuresrecurrencerisk factors and sodium levels
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