1887
Volume 2023, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Medication-related problems (MRPs) are prevalent throughout healthcare systems, whereby pharmacy-based interventions are pivotal to reducing occurrence. In the Middle East, including Qatar, the professional roles of pharmacists have been expanding to improve patient safety. This study aimed to characterize and analyze pharmacist-led interventions among hospitalized patients in the leading general hospital in Qatar. A retrospective analysis of pharmacist interventions in the internal medicine ward, critical care unit, and emergency department (ED) was conducted. Data were extracted from three periods of 1 month (March 1–31, 2018, July 15–August 15, 2018, and January 1–31, 2019). A descriptive type of analysis was undertaken. A total of 340 patients with 858 interventions were analyzed. The average age of the study participants was 51 years (SD ± 17.7). The study population was predominantly male (65%). The prevailing pharmacist intervention was adding drug therapy (27%), followed by medication discontinuation (18%) and dosage adjustments (16%). This pattern was maintained across all subpopulations, e.g., gender, age, and ward, except for the ED, where cessation of medication was the most frequent intervention (4%). The two pharmacological classes associated with most interventions were anti-infective and cardiovascular agents. Pharmacist interventions effectively identify, prevent, and resolve MRPs in general inpatient settings in Qatar.

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2023-10-25
2024-06-14
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): interventionmedicationmedication-related problemspatient safety and pharmacy
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