1887
Volume 2022, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Thrombolysis is an established therapeutic modality for patients with high-risk (and some selected intermediate-risk) pulmonary embolism (PE) with hemodynamic instability. Physicians sometimes experience cases where both a high-risk PE and thrombocytopenia coexist. Although thrombocytopenia of <  100 × 103/mm3 is considered a contraindication in patients with ischemic stroke, the safety and outcomes of thrombolysis in patients with acute PE and thrombocytopenia are unknown. This systemic review aimed to pool data on the safety and outcomes of thrombolysis use in patients with PE and platelet count less than 150 × 103/mm3. Patients’ demographics, clinical characteristics, management, type of thrombolytic therapy, and outcomes were extracted and analyzed. Of 283 articles identified through the systematic search, 11 case reports fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The mean age of the patients was 52.27 years, and 54.5% were women. The median platelet level before thrombolysis was 65.50 × 103/mm3. Before thrombolysis was initiated, the lowest and highest platelet levels were 29 × 103/mm3 and 105 × 103/mm3, respectively. Alteplase was used in 10 patients and urokinase in one patient. One patient who had a massive PE died of aspiration pneumonia. Interestingly, no thrombocytopenia-related complications were reported. This systematic review highlights the potential benefits and safety of thrombolysis in patients with acute PE in the context of thrombocytopenia. Nevertheless, data available in the literature concerning this topic are scarce and limited to case reports. More extensive studies on the use of thrombolysis in patients with PE and thrombocytopenia are desperately needed.

Systematic review registration: The protocol has been registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO): CRD42021286415.

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2022-08-05
2022-09-29
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  • Article Type: Review Article
Keyword(s): anticoagulationPEplateletsPulmonary embolismThrombocytopenia and thrombolysis
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