1887
Volume 2020, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system. Some environmental factors, such as infection (HPI), are likely to be considered a protective factor in MS. Dietary intake may provide exposure to or have protective effects for MS. The present study aimed to determine the relationship between serum anti-H. pylori IgG antibody (HPIA) level and dietary intake in patients with MS referred to the MS Clinic in Rafsanjan city, Iran.

Methods: The present case-control study was conducted on 97 patients with MS and 95 controls. The two groups had no significant difference in age and gender ( > 0.05). HPIA was checked, and the food frequency questionnaire was completed in both groups to measure nutritional intake. All data were analyzed by the SPSS 20 software using independent t-test, Chi-Square, Mann–Whitney U test, and correlation.

Results: The median serum HPIA level was significantly lower in MS cases than in controls. Furthermore, the median consumption of glutamic acid, arginine, serine, aspartic acid, alanine, proline, and caffeine was significantly lower in MS cases than in controls. A significant positive correlation was found between the levels of linoleic acid, lactose, Ca, molybdenum, galactose, leucine, and valine, and the level of HPIA in controls.

Conclusion: Our study results demonstrated that some dietary nutrients had correlations with MS and HPI. Therefore, professionals from multiple disciplines must find which foods contain these dietary nutrients in future studies.

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2021-02-05
2021-10-23
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