1887
Volume 2019, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • E-ISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Vaccination is considered one of the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions of the 20th century. In 2017, Qatar's Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI) provided vaccination services against a comprehensive list of 15 vaccine-preventable diseases. To assess the performance of Qatar's national immunization system, identify possible gaps by determining the national vaccination coverage rates, and benchmark these rates against regional and global figures. The data utilized herein were retrieved from the vaccination coverage estimates generated by the World Health Organization and United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. Relevant local, regional, and global vaccination coverage figures were manually extracted and then analyzed for six vaccines (DTP3, Pol3, MCV2, HepB, PCV3, and RotaC) in 2017. Percentages and proportions were compared using the Chi-squared test. Vaccination coverage levels in Qatar have surpassed the optimal level of 90% for all vaccines. Compared with international figures, the national coverage exceeds the relevant benchmarks. For DTP3 and Pol3, Qatar achieved 97% coverage compared with 99% coverage in Jordan and 85% coverage globally. For MCV2, Qatar achieved 93% coverage compared with 99% coverage in Jordan and 67% coverage globally. For RotaC, Qatar achieved 97% coverage compared with 96% coverage in Jordan and 28% coverage globally. For HepB, Qatar achieved 97% coverage compared with 43% coverage globally. Compared with the international benchmarks of major vaccines, the vaccination coverage rates in Qatar are high. However, challenges for maintaining high coverage, such as cultural and language barriers, should be addressed.

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2019-07-25
2019-08-20
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Qatar , vaccination Coverage and vaccine-preventable diseases
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