1887
Volume 2019, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Sleep disorders and fatigue in students may affect emotional intelligence, which is associated with increased risk of cognitive and mental disorders. The aim of this study was to determine sleep quality, fatigue, emotional intelligence, and related factors in Iranian medical students. This cross-sectional research was conducted in 2016. A total of 400 students were randomly selected from Semnan University of Medical Sciences. Data collection tools included questionnaires for demographic information, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Bradbury-Graves's Emotional Intelligence Inventory and Multidimensional Fatigue Symptom Inventory-Short Form (MFSI-SF). The quality of sleep was unsatisfactory for 38.5% students, 86.2% did not have general fatigue, and 13.8% were suffering from low overall fatigue. Moreover, 6% displayed low, 24% normal, and 70% high emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence showed a positive correlation with sleep quality ( = 0.044) and a negative correlation with general fatigue ( = 0.018). Sleep quality showed a negative correlation with general fatigue ( < 0.001). This study demonstrated a significant relationship between sleep quality and fatigue with emotional intelligence and a significant relationship between sleep quality and fatigue.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2019.15
2019-12-13
2020-12-01
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/qmj/2019/3/qmj.2019.15.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2019.15&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Salovey P, Mayer JD. Emotional intelligence. Imagin Cogn Pers. 1990; 9:3:185211.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Birks Y, McKendree J, Watt I. Emotional intelligence and perceived stress in healthcare students: A multi-institutional, multi-professional survey. BMC Med Educ. 2009; 9::61.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Beauvais AM, Brady N, O'Shea ER, Griffin MTQ. Emotional intelligence and nursing performance among nursing students. Nurse Educ Today. 2011; 31:4:396401.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Webb AR, Young RA, Baumer JG. Emotional intelligence and the ACGME competencies. J Grad Med Educ. 2010; 2:4:508512.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Mitra S, Sarkar AP, Haldar D, Saren AB, Lo S, Sarkar GN. Correlation among perceived stress, emotional intelligence, and burnout of resident doctors in a medical college of West Bengal: A mediation analysis. Indian J Public Health. 2018; 62:1:2731.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Arora S, Ashrafian H, Davis R, Athanasiou T, Darzi A, Sevdalis N. Emotional intelligence in medicine: A systematic review through the context of the ACGME competencies. Med Educ. 2010; 44:8:749764.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Stoller JK, Taylor CA, Farver CF. Emotional intelligence competencies provide a developmental curriculum for medical training. Med Teach. 2013; 35:3:243247.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Chew BH, Zain AM, Hassan F. Emotional intelligence and academic performance in first and final year medical students: A cross-sectional study. BMC Med Educ. 2013; 13::44.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Aithal AP, Kumar N, Gunasegeran P, Sundaram SM, Rong LZ, Prabhu SP. A survey-based study of emotional intelligence as it relates to gender and academic performance of medical students. Educ Health. 2016; 29:3:255258.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Satterfield J, Swenson S, Rabow M. Emotional intelligence in internal medicine residents: educational implications for clinical performance and burnout. Ann Behav Sci Med Educ. 2009; 14:2:6568.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Killgore WD, Kahn-Greene ET, Lipizzi EL, Newman RA, Kamimori GH, Balkin TJ. Sleep deprivation reduces perceived emotional intelligence and constructive thinking skills. Sleep Med. 2008; 9:5:517526.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Khandan M, Kavousi A, Koohpaei A. Application of structural equations modeling to assess relationship among emotional intelligence, general health and occupational accidents. Int J Occup Hyg. 2015; 7::124131.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Bertram K, Randazzo J, Alabi N, Levenson J, Doucette JT, Barbosa P. Strong correlations between empathy, emotional intelligence, and personality traits among podiatric medical students: A cross-sectional study. Educ Health. 2016; 29:3:186194.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Shah CJ, Sanisara M, Mehta HB, Vaghela HM. The relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement in medical undergraduate. Int J Res Med Sci. 2014; 2:1:5961.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Higuchi Y, Inagaki M, Koyama T, Kitamura Y, Sendo T, Fujimori M, et al.  Emotional intelligence and its effect on pharmacist and pharmacy students with autistic-like traits. Am J Pharm Educ. 2017; 81:4:74.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Ghajarzadeh M, Mohammadifar M. Emotional intelligence of medical residents of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Acta Med Iran. 2013; 51:3:185188.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Friedrich A, Schlarb AA. Let's talk about sleep: A systematic review of psychological interventions to improve sleep in college students. J Sleep Res. 2018; 27:1:422.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Thomas M, Sing H, Belenky G, Holcomb H, Mayberg H, Dannals R, et al.  Neural basis of alertness and cognitive performance impairments during sleepiness. I. Effects of 24 h of sleep deprivation on waking human regional brain activity. J Sleep Res. 2000; 9:4:335352.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Thomas ML, Sing HC, Belenky G, Holcomb HH, Mayberg HS, Dannals RF, et al.  Neural basis of alertness and cognitive performance impairments during sleepiness II. Effects of 48 and 72 h of sleep deprivation on waking human regional brain activity. Thalamus Relat Syst. 2003; 2::199229.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Pimenta FA. Santos Amaral C, Da Gama Torres H, Rezende N. The association between self-rated health and health care utilization in retired. Acta med Port. 2010; 23:1:101106.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Kahn M, Sheppes G, Sadeh A. Sleep and emotions: bidirectional links and underlying mechanisms. Int J Psychophysiol. 2013; 89:2:218228.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Goldstein AN, Walker MP. The role of sleep in emotional brain function. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2014; 10::679708.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Pagnin D, de Queiroz V. Influence of burnout and sleep difficulties on the quality of life among medical students. SpringerPlus. 2015; 4::676.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Henry M, Huerga-Garcia L, Perez-Morell AA, Henry-Gonzalez AA. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in younger medical students. Are they poor sleepers and do they consume sleeping medication? Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2016; 26::S742S743.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Wolfson AR, Carskadon MA. Sleep schedules and daytime functioning in adolescents. Child Dev. 1998; 69:4:875887.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Ghonsooly B. Investigating the relationship between spiritual intelligence and burnout among EFLTeachers. Int J Educ Investig. 2017; 4::4961.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Yarmohammadi H, Poursadeghiyan M, Rahmani N, Yarmohammadi S, Omidiandost A, Eskandari S. Work-related fatigue and the effective factors in the Iranian nurses. Arch Hyg Sci. 2018; 7:1:3238.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Rodrigues RND, Viegas CA. Abreu e Silva AA, Tavares P. Daytime sleepiness and academic performance in medical students. Arq neuro psiquiatr. 2002; 60:1:611.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Sievertsen HH, Gino F, Piovesan M. Cognitive fatigue influences students’ performance on standardized tests. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016; 113:10:26212624.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Backhaus J, Junghanns K, Broocks A, Riemann D, Hohagen F. Test-retest reliability and validity of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in primary insomnia. J Psychosom Res. 2002; 53:3:737740.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Farrahi J, Nakhaee N, Sheibani V, Garrusi B, Amirkafi A. Psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index addendum for PTSD (PSQI-A). Sleep Breath. 2009; 13:3:259262.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Shariati A, Jahani S, Hooshmand M, Khalili N. The effect of acupressure on sleep quality in hemodialysis patients. Complement Ther Med. 2012; 20:6:417423.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Ganji H, Mirhashemi M, Sabet M. Bradberry-Greaves’ emotional intelligence test: preliminary norming-process. J Thought Behav. 2006; 1::2335.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Stein KD, Jacobsen PB, Blanchard CM, Thors C. Further validation of the multidimensional fatigue symptom inventory-short form. J Pain Symptom Manag. 2004; 27:1:1423.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Lin JMS, Brimmer DJ, Maloney EM, Nyarko E, BeLue R, Reeves WC. Further validation of the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory in a US adult population sample. Popul Health Metr. 2009; 7::18.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Molaei E, Asayesh H, Taghvakish B, Ghorbani M. Gender difference and emotional intelligence in Golestan University of Medical Sciences students. Journal Gorgan Bouyeh Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery. 2012; 8::3034.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Lolaty HA, Tirgari A, Fard JH. Emotional intelligence and related factors in medical sciences students of an Iranian university. Iran J Nurs Midwif Res. 2014; 19:2:203207.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Gujjar AA, Naoreen B, Aslam S, Khattak ZI. Comparison of the emotional intelligence of the university students of the Punjab Province. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2010; 2:2:847853.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Bar-On R. Emotional and social intelligence: insights from the Emotional Intelligence Inventory (EQ-I). Handbook of emotional intelligence San Francisco. Jossey-Bass 2000.
  40. Lopes E, Milheiro I, Maia A. Sleep quality in college students: a study about the contribution of lifestyle, academic performance and general well-being. Sleep Med. 2013; 14::e185.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Cheng SH, Shih CC, Lee IH, Hou YW, Chen KC, Chen KT, et al.  A study on the sleep quality of incoming university students. Psychiatry Res. 2012; 197:3:270274.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Jin Y, Ding Z, Fei Y, Jin W, Liu H, Chen Z, et al.  Social relationships play a role in sleep status in Chinese undergraduate students. Psychiatry Res. 2014; 220:1-2:631638.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Ergin A, Erdoğan A, Bozkurt , Ergin N. Quality of sleep in medical students. J Neurol Sci. 2013; 333::e707e708.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Pagnin D, de Queiroz V, Carvalho YTMS, Dutra ASS, Amaral MB, Queiroz TT. The relation between burnout and sleep disorders in medical students. Acad Psychiatry. 2014; 38:4:438444.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Mansouri A, Mokhayeri Y, Mohammadi Farrokhran E, Tavakkol Z, Fotouhi A. Sleep quality of students living in dormitories in Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) in 2011. Iran J Epidemiol. 2012; 8::7182.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Babapour K. Relationship between emotional intelligence and feeling of fatigue among university students meditated by optimism selfefficacy, anxiety, and depression. J Psychol. 2010; 14::131141.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Guadagni V, Burles F, Ferrara M, Iaria G. The effects of sleep deprivation on emotional empathy. J Sleep Res. 2014; 23:6:657663.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Weber M, Webb CA, Deldonno SR, Kipman M, Schwab ZJ, Weiner MR, et al.  Habitual ’sleep credit’ is associated with greater grey matter volume of the medial prefrontal cortex, higher emotional intelligence and better mental health. J Sleep Res. 2013; 22:5:527534.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Drummond SP, Brown GG, Salamat JS, Gillin JC. Increasing task difficulty facilitates the cerebral compensatory response to total sleep deprivation. Sleep. 2004; 27:3:445451.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Epstein S. Constructive thinking: the key to emotional intelligence. Greenwood Publishing Group 1998.
  51. Brown RF, Schutte NS. Direct and indirect relationships between emotional intelligence and subjective fatigue in university students. J Psychosom Res. 2006; 60:6:585593.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Zeidner M, Hadar D, Matthews G, Roberts RD. Personal factors related to compassion fatigue in health professionals. Anxiety Stress Coping. 2013; 26:6:595609.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Hammerly ME, Harmon L, Schwaitzberg SD. Good to great: using 360-degree feedback to improve physician emotional intelligence. J Healthc Manag. 2014; 59:5:354365.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Åkerstedt T, Knutsson A, Westerholm P, Theorell T, Alfredsson L, Kecklund G. Mental fatigue, work and sleep. J Psychosom Res. 2004; 57:5:427433.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Watson NF, Jacobsen C, Goldberg J, Kapur V, Buchwald D. Subjective and objective sleepiness in monozygotic twins discordant for chronic fatigue syndrome. Sleep. 2004; 27:5:973977.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Humphrey N, Curran A, Morris E, Farrell P, Woods K. Emotional intelligence and education: A critical review. Educ Psychol. 2007; 27:2:235254.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Johnson DR. Emotional intelligence as a crucial component to medical education. Int J Med Educ. 2015; 6::179183.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2019.15
Loading
/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2019.15
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): emotional intelligence , fatigue , medical student and quality of sleep
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error