Volume 2017, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426


Direct observation of hand hygiene is the standard practice recommended by the World Health Organization to monitor its compliance. To evaluate the accuracy of hand hygiene observation performed by units' observers. A descriptive study was carried out in seven patient care units in a 75-bed community hospital in Qatar. Four trained nurses performed hand hygiene observation in May 2016, any day of the week and in different shifts, following the same methodology as routine units' observers. Hand hygiene opportunities were registered, including hand hygiene moments, staff category, and actions (handrubs, hand washing, missed hand hygiene, and gloves without hand hygiene). During January–May 2016, routine monitoring reported 25,319 opportunities with a compliance of 89.2%, and 91.6% for nurses, 89.6% for physicians, and 85.1% for ancillary staff. Trained external observers reported 815 opportunities and compliance of 54.7%, with the highest compliance observed after blood and body fluid exposure (80.0%) and after patient contact (85.5%), and the lowest figures before patient contact (34.2%) and before aseptic procedure (34.0%). This study provides essential information about the accuracy of the monitoring procedure and the compliance of hand hygiene that requires immediate action to protect patients and staff from healthcare-associated infections.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): accuracycompliancefive momentshand hygienemonitoringQatar and staff category
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