1887
Volume 2015, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • E-ISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Organic acidemias (OA) are a group of heterogeneous metabolic inherited disorders characterized by the accumulation of organic acids in body fluids and tissues. These are rare disorders and infrequently reported worldwide. In Syria, there is a lack of information regarding these disorders. Our hospital-based study aimed to describe the pattern of clinical and demographic presenting features of organic acidemias among Syrian children and to shed light on the diagnostic experience of organic acidemias in the Children's Hospital of Damascus through a five year period. We conducted a retrospective cohort study by reviewing the medical records of OA patients in the Children's Hospital of Damascus between 2008 and 2012. All cases were investigated by metabolic work up, including the acylcarnitine profile performed by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and quantitative urine organic acid analysis performed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 70 OA confirmed cases were included in the study. There were 46 males and 31 females. Twenty-seven cases were diagnosed after the first year of life. Methylmalonic acidemia was the most frequent disorder (57.1%). There were relatively high rates of family history of unexplained death and OA confirmed cases (50%), consanguinity (74.2%) and mortality (21.4%). The most frequent symptoms were apnea or respiratory distress (65.7%) and vomiting (40%). The lack of specific confirmatory diagnostic tests being performed and the high mortality and consanguinity rates among OA patients suggests high incidence of OA in Syria. Further studies are needed to determine the actual incidence of OA and the cost-effectiveness of applying a governmental mandatory newborn screening program.

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2015-07-04
2019-08-18
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): consanguinity , organic acidemias , Syria and tandem mass spectrometry
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