1887
Volume 2013, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • E-ISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Accidental injuries are the most common cause of death in children over the age of one. Every year, millions of children are permanently disabled or disfigured because of accidents. To assess the level of knowledge of women with respect to children's domestic accidents, and to determine its association with some demographic factors. This cross-sectional study was conducted in both sides of Baghdad City during the period from April through to August 2013. The targeted population were women attending the primary health care centers (PHCCs). A random sample of 20 PHCCs was taken through a stratified random sampling technique by dividing Baghdad City into its two main parts Karkh and Russafa. Ten centers were then chosen from each sector by a simple random sampling technique. A well-structured questionnaire was developed that constituted of questions on four main types of accidents involving children (poisoning by chemicals and detergents, electric shock, injuries from sharp instruments in the kitchen, and burns). The total number of women enrolled in this study was 1032 aged from 15–50 years. The results revealed that only 9.2% of the mothers acquired a good level of knowledge in prevention of injuries from chemicals and detergents, and more than 90% were found to have poor knowledge. The same was found regarding knowledge about preventing electrical accidents caused by power sockets and electrical appliances where only 10.2% of the mothers were found to have a good level of knowledge. The results were not much better regarding accidents caused by fire, only 11.6% of the mothers scored well. With respect to dealing with accidents caused by sharp instruments in the kitchen, only 6.3% of the mothers obtained a score that indicated a good level of knowledge. Older mothers were statistically found to have a better level of knowledge than younger mothers. Higher educated mothers' were statistically associated with a lower level of knowledge in accident prevention. Mothers with more children and those whose children had previously been involved in an accident were found to have a better level of knowledge. It can be concluded from this study that women in Baghdad are poorly educated about how to protect their children against domestic accidents.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2013.17
2014-05-01
2019-08-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/qmj/2013/2/qmj.2013.17.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2013.17&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. [1]. Peggy Sue Weintrub   MD. . Deaths from Unintentional Injury Are Declining Among U.S. Children. . Journal Watch Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine . May 2, 2012; .
    [Google Scholar]
  2. [2]. Rezapur-Shahkolai   F., , Naghavi   M., , Shokouhi   M., , Laflamme   L. . Unintentional injuries in the rural population of Twiserkan, Iran: A cross-sectional study on their incidence, characteristics and preventability. . BMC Public Health . 2008; ;8: : 269 .
    [Google Scholar]
  3. [3]. Laursen   B., , Møller   H. . Unintentional injuries in children of Danish and foreign-born mothers. . Scand J Public Health August . 2009; ;37: : 577– 583 .
    [Google Scholar]
  4. [4]. Awqati   NA., , Ali   MM., , Al-Ward   NJ., , Majeed   FA., , Salman   K., , Al-Alak   M., , Al-Gasseer   N. . Causes and differentials of childhood mortality in Iraq. . BMC Pediatr . 2009 Jun 22; ;9: : 40 . doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-9-40 .
    [Google Scholar]
  5. [5]. Aggarwal   R., , Singh   G., , Aditya   K. . Pattern Of Domestic Injuries In A Rural Area Of India. . Internet J Health . 2010; ;11: 2 .
    [Google Scholar]
  6. [6]. Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents; home Safety Factsheet. Available from: http://www.rospa.co.uk. (Accessed August 2013) .
  7. [7]. Dowswell   T., , Towner   EML., , Simpson   G., , Jarvis   SN. . Preventing childhood unintentional injuries what works? A literature review. . Inj Prev . 1996; ;2: : 140– 149 .
    [Google Scholar]
  8. [8]. WHO . Preventing children accidents and improving home safety in the European region. Identifying means to make dwellings safer. . Report of a WHO expert meeting, Bonn May 30–31 2005 .
  9. [9]. Howe   LD., , Huttly   SR., , Abramsky   T. . Risk factors for injuries in young children in four developing countries: the young lives study. . Trop Med Int Health . 2006 Oct; ;11: 10 : 1557– 1566 .
    [Google Scholar]
  10. [10]. Schwebel   DC., , Swart   D., , Hui   SK., , Simpson   J., , Hobe   P. . Paraffin-related injury in low-income South African communities: knowledge, practice and perceived risk. . Bull World Health Organ . 2009; ;87: : 700– 706 .
    [Google Scholar]
  11. [11]. Bollig   G., , Myklebust   AG., , Østringen   K. . Effects of first aid training in the kindergarten–a pilot study. . Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med . 2011 Feb 28; ;19: : 13 .
    [Google Scholar]
  12. [12]. Wang   X., , Chen   N., , Shi   Z., , Zhao   Z. . An investigation on knowledge-attitude-practice about injury and the related factors among school children's parents in Jinan, China. . Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot . 2012; ;19: 3 : 267– 271 , doi: 10.1080/17457300.2012. 674046. Epub 2012 Apr 23 .
    [Google Scholar]
  13. [13]. Hatamabadi   HR., , Mahfoozpour   S., , Alimohammadi   H., , Younesian   S. . Evaluation of factors influencing knowledge and attitudes of mothers with preschool children regarding their adoption of preventive measures for home injuries referred to academic emergency centres, Tehran, Iran. . Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot . 2013 Jul 26; ; . [Epub ahead of print] .
    [Google Scholar]
  14. [14]. Jan   MM., , Hasanain   FH., , Al-Dabbagh   AA. . Infant and child safety practices of parents. . Saudi Med J . 2000 Dec; ;21: 12 : 1142– 1146 .
    [Google Scholar]
  15. [15]. Ramos   CL., , Barros   HM., , Stein   AT., , Costa   JS. . Risk factors contributing to childhood poisoning. . J Pediatr (Rio J) . 2010 Sep-Oct; ;86: 5 : 435– 440 .
    [Google Scholar]
  16. [16]. Gutierrez   J., , Negrón   J., , García-Fragoso   L. . Parental practices for prevention of home poisoning in children 1-6 years of age. . J Community Health . 2011 Oct; ;36: 5 : 845– 848 .
    [Google Scholar]
  17. [17]. Scheven   D., , Barker   P. . Govindasamy Burns in rural Kwa-Zulu Natal: epidemiology and the need for community health education. . J. Burns . 2012 Dec; ;38: 8 : 1224– 1230 .
    [Google Scholar]
  18. [18]. Morrongiello   BA., , Dayler   L. . A community-based study of parents' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs related to childhood injuries. . Can J Public Health . 1996 Nov-Dec; ;87: 6 : 383– 388 .
    [Google Scholar]
  19. [19]. Electrical Injuries in Emergency Medicine Tracy A Cushing, http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/electrical (Accessed August 2013) .
  20. [20]. Wong Chin Khoon . Home safety and prevention of home accidents in young children. . Bulletin 24 . January 2002; ; , MITA (P) No: 161/06/2002 .
    [Google Scholar]
  21. [21]. Black   JD. . Local wellness policies and the dietary guidelines: What does it mean to you?.   J Am Diet Assoc . 2005; ;105: 6 : 891– 893 .
    [Google Scholar]
  22. [22]. Henfy   k., , Bardr   S., , Abd- El Latiff & El- Garwany   H. . Epidemiology of injuries among preschool children in Alexandria. . Alex J Pediat . 1995; ;9: 3 : 334– 344 .
    [Google Scholar]
  23. [23]. Uskun   E., , Alptekin   F., , Oztürk   M., , Kis¸iolu   AN. . The attitudes and behaviors of housewives in the prevention of domestic accidents and their first aid knowledge levels. . Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg . 2008 Jan; ;14: 1 : 46– 52 .
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2013.17
Loading
/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.2013.17
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Baghdad , children's accidents , mothers' knowledge and prevention
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error