1887
Volume 2012, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • E-ISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

The incidence of post caesarean wound infection and independent risk factors associated with wound infection were retrospectively studied at a tertiary care hospital.

A retrospective case controlled study of 107 patients with wound infection after lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) was undertaken between January 1998 and December 2007. The control group comprised of 340 patients selected randomly from among those who had LSCS during the study period with no wound infection. Chart reviews of patients with wound infection were identified using the definitions from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance Systems. Comparisons for categorical variables were performed using the 2 or Fisher exact test. Continuous variables were compared using the 2-tailed Student test. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Logistic regression determined the independent risk factors.

The overall wound infection rate in the study was 4.2% among 2 541 lower transverse CS. The independent risk factors identified for wound infection were, obesity, duration of labor >12 hours, and no antenatal care. Patients' age and parity, diabetes mellitus, premature rupture of membranes (PROM) >8 hours and elective vs. emergency surgery was not found to be significantly associated with wound infection. The independent risk factors could be incorporated into the policies for surveillance and prevention of wound infection. Antibiotic prophylaxis may be utilized in high risk patients such as PROM, obese patients and prolonged labor.

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2019-11-20
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): caesarean section , post caesarean infection , risk factors and wound infection
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