1887
Volume 2011, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • E-ISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Records were reviewed of 81 cases of ruptured gravid uteri seen in the hospitals of Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, in the 32 years 1977–2008, an overall incidence of 0.025%, although the incidence 1977–1997 was 0.01 % and that of 1998–2008 was 0.036%. Grand multiparity was a prominent cause (56.5%) in the first 21 years but less so in the later period 1998–2008 (10%) although involvement of a uterine scar from a previous caesarian section was noted more (84%) in the later period than in 1977– 1997 (43.5%). Other associated factors were the use of oxytocin or PGE2. Epidural anesthesia in the later period might have provoked abnormal fetal heart rates. The need for hysterectomy decreased from 65% to 10%. Perinatal mortality decreased slightly. Although we conclude that uterine rupture is rare (0.025%) it can be catastrophic for mother and newborn and might be prevented by multi-layer uterine hysterotomy closure, a longer interpregnancy interval following a caesarian section, and no or limited use of prostaglandins.

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2011-12-01
2019-11-13
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): epidural analgesia and neonatal outcome , maternal , PGE2 , previous scar , syntocinon use and Uterine rupture
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