Volume 2007, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426


The Miswak (Miswaak, Siwak) is a natural toothbrush made from the twigs of the Salvadora persica tree. Other tree types that are used are the arak tree, peelo tree, olive, walnut, and other trees with bitter roots. Pomegranate twigs are never used for miswak


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  1. Al Otaibi M, Harthy My Soder B, Gutafsson A, Angmar-Mansson B. Comparative Effect of Chewing Sticks and Toothbrushing on Plaque Removal and Gingival Health”. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2003; 1:4:301307.
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  2. Almas K. The Effect of Salvadora Persica Extract (Miswak) and Chlorhexidine Gluconate on Human Dentin: S Sem Study. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2002 Aug; 3:2735.
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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