1887
Volume 1998, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • E-ISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Abstract

Seventy eight acute hepatitis B cases, identified by the presence of HbsAg and IgM anti-HBC markers, were compared with 102 normal individuals from malaria endemic areas in Ninevah (Northern Iraq). Both groups were asked for any history of malaria. More hepatitis B cases reported malaria (70.5%) than normal individuals (odd's ratio 11) which suggests that the vector of malaria plays a role in the transmission of hepatitis B.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.1998.2.17
2014-11-01
2019-10-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. 1. Blumberg  B.S..,, Sutnick  A.L..,, London  W.T..,, Millman  I..: Current concepts - Australia antigen and hepatitis. . New England Journal of Medicine 283:: 1970;:349–354.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. 2. Prince  A.M..: Prevalence of serum hepatitis - related antigen in different geographic regions. . American Journal of Tropical Medicine Hygiene 19:: 1970;:872–879.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. 3. Brotman  B..,, Prince  A.M..,, Godfrey  H.R.. Role of arthropods in transmission of hepatitis B virus in the tropic. . Lancet I:: 1973;:305–1308.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. 4. Byrom  N.A..,, Davidson  G..,, Draper  C.L..,, Zuckerman  A.J..: The role of mosquitoes in transmission of hepatitis B antigen. . Journal of infectious Diseases 128:: 1973;:259–260.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 5. Villarejos  V.M..,, Zunijn  A..,, Cutierre  Z.A..: Possible role of haematophagous insects in the transmission of type B hepatitis. . Transations of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 69:: 1975;:368–369.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 6. Wills  W..,, Saimot  G..,, Prochard  C..,, Blumberg  B..,, London  W.T..,, Millman  I.., Hepatitis B.: surface antigen (Australia antigen) in mosquitoes collected in Senegal West Africa. . American Journal of tropical Medicine and Hygiene 25:: 1976;:186–190.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. 7. Wills  V.K.,, Laranze  B.,, London  W.T.,, Millman  I.,, Warner  B.G., et al.: Hepatitis B virus in bedbugs (Cimex hemipteras) from Senegal. . Lancet 2:: 1977;:217–219.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 8. Jupp  P.G..,, Prozesky  O.W..,, McElligott  S.E..,, Van Wyk  L.A.S..: Infection of common bedbug (Cimex lectularius L.) with Hepatitis B virus in South Africa. . South Africa Medical Journal 53:: 1978;:598–600.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. 9. Blumberg  B.S..,, Sutnick  A.T..,, London  W.T..: Hepatitis and leukemia: their relation to Australia antigen. . Bulletin of New York American Medicine 44:: 1968;:1566.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. 10. Krugger  P..,, Mathiesen ., L.R. Aldershvile. : Presence and meaning of Anti-HBC IgM an determined by ELLS A in patient with active types hepatitis and healthy HBsAg carriers. , Hepatology 1:: 1981;:233.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. 11. Popaevangelou  G..,, Hoofnagle  J.H..: Transmission of Hepatitis B virus infection by asymptomatic chronic HBsAg carrier mothers. . Pediatrics 63:: 1979;:602–605.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. 12. Stevens  C.E..,, Beasley  R.P..,, Tsui  J..,, Lee  W.C..: Vertical transmission of hepatitis B antigen in Taiwan. . 292:: 1975;:
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 13. Zuckoman  A.J..: Who should be immunized against hepatitis B?. . British Medical Journal 289:: 1984;:1243–1244.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. 14. Lange  W..,, Masihi  K.N..: Epidemiology and economic importance of hepatitis B in the Federal Republic of Germany. . Post graduate Medical Journal, ; 63(Suppl 2:: 1987;:21–26.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. 15. Prince  A.M..,, Mestselaar  D..,, Kafuko  G.W..,, Mukaya  L.G..,, Ling  C.M..,, Overay  C.R..: Hepatitis B antigen in wild - caught mosquitoes in Africa. . Lancet 2:: 1972;:247–250.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. 16. Ogston  C.W..,, Wittenstein  F.S..,, London  W.T..,, Millman  I..: Persistence of Hepatitis B surface Antigen in the Bedbug Cimex hemipterus (Fabr). . Journal of Infections Diseases 140:: 1979;:411–414.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. 17. World Health Organization. Report on the second intercountry scientific groups meeting on liver diseases, East Mediterranean Region, 1984.
  18. 18. Sobeslavsky  O..: Prevalence of markers of hepatitis B virus infection is various countries. . WHO collaborative study Bulletins of the world health organization 454:: 1980;:621.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. 19. Omer AR.,, Al-Douri S.: Viral hepatitis in Iraq. . Proceeding of the 6th International Congress of Virology, Sendai, Japan, 1984;;32.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5339/qmj.1998.2.17
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error