1887
3 - Second Mustansiriyah International Dental Conference (MIDC 2023)
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

This study investigates the effect of health risk factors on apical periodontitis in fitted endodontically and non-endodontically treated teeth in army soldiers (environmental risk factor) and diabetic patients (biomedical risk factor). This cross-sectional study included patients aged 25–40 years. After participants were filtered based on exclusion criteria and questionnaire (DASS-21) responses, 108 males were chosen and divided into three groups of 36 participants each (G1: soldiers, G2: diabetic, G3: healthy). The periapical status of the participants’ teeth according to OPG X-ray outcomes was independently evaluated using a periapical index. The healthy group showed a higher ratio of fitted teeth to both non-endodontically and endodontically treated teeth (98.8%, 70%) than diabetic patients (98.6%, 52.1%) and soldiers (95.6%, 35.3%). Meanwhile, soldiers showed higher apical defects of both non-endodontically and endodontically treated teeth (7.8%, 33.3%) than diabetic patients (6.4%, 12%) and healthy individuals (5.7%, 7.1%). A statistically non-significant relationship existed between being healthy and experiencing apical defects for all fitted non-endodontically and endodontically treated teeth among all groups. The higher prevalence of apical periodontitis in soldiers and diabetic patients suggests a positive relationship between worsened apical areas of teeth and health risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus disease and environmental stress.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.7
2023-07-19
2024-05-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jemtac/2023/3/jemtac.2023.midc.7.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.7&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Ricucci D, Siqueira JF, Jr. Biofilms, and apical periodontitis: study of prevalence and association with clinical and histopathologic findings. J Endod. 2010; 36:(8):1277-88.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Martín-González J, Carmona-Fernández A, Pérez-Pérez A, et al. Expression and immunohistochemical localization of leptin in human periapical granulomas. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2015; 20:(3):e334-9.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Ameet MM, Avneesh HT, Babita RP, Pramod PM. The relationship between periodontitis and systemic diseases - hype or hope? J Clin Diagn Res. 2013; 7:(4):758-62.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Holland R, Gomes JEF, Cintra LTA, Queiroz Í OA, Estrela C. Factors affecting the periapical healing process of endodontically treated teeth. J Appl Oral Sci. 2017; 25:(5):465-76.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Marotta PS, Fontes TV, Armada L, et al. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and the prevalence of apical periodontitis and endodontic treatment in an adult Brazilian population. J Endod. 2012; 38:(3):297-300.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. El Ouarti I, Chala S, Sakout M, Abdallaoui F. Prevalence and risk factors of Apical periodontitis in endodontically treated teeth: cross-sectional study in an Adult Moroccan subpopulation. BMC Oral Health. 2021; 21:(1):124.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Gunepin M, Derache F, Trousselard M, Salsou B, Risso J-J. Impact of chronic stress on periodontal health. J Oral Med Oral Surg. 2018; 24:(1):44-50.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Akcali A, Huck O, Tenenbaum H, Davideau JL, Buduneli N. Periodontal diseases and stress: a brief review. J Oral Rehabil. 2013; 40:(1):60-8.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Hernández-Ríos P, Pussinen PJ, Vernal R, Hernández M. Oxidative Stress in the Local and Systemic Events of Apical Periodontitis. Front Physiol. 2017; 8::869.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hussein HM, Saeed NA, Al-Zaka IM. Pathways of endodontic fear in different age groups for Iraqi endodontic patients. Iraqi Dental Journal. 2017; 39:(1):26-32.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Mahmood AA, Ibrahim LaM. Effect of the examination stress on periodontal health status and salivary IL-1? among Iraqi dental students. Journal of Baghdad College of Dentistry. 2013; 25:(4):72-78.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Saeed NA, Hussein HM, Mahmood AA. Prevalence of dental anxiety in relation to sociodemographic factors using two psychometric scales in Baghdad. Mustansiria Dental Journal. 2017; 19:(1):38-50.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Correia-Sousa J, Madureira AR, Carvalho MF, Teles AM, Vaz I. Apical Periodontitis and related risk factors: cross-sectional study. Revistas Científicas Nacionais com Arbitragem Científica. 2015; 56:(4):226-32.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Lovibond PF, Lovibond SH. The structure of negative emotional states: comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behav Res Ther. 1995; 33:(3):335-43.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Moussa MT, Lovibond P, Laube R, Megahead HA. Psychometric Properties of an Arabic Version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS). Research on social work practice. 2016:1-12.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Orstavik D, Kerekes K, Eriksen HM. The periapical index: a scoring system for radiographic assessment of apical periodontitis. Endod Dent Traumatol. 1986; 2:(1):20-34.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hussein HM, Raafat AS, Amory ZS, AL-Juboori MJ. The influence of endodontic treatment on blood pressure reduction in patients with vital irreversible pulpitis. Clin Cosmet Investig Dent. 2019; 11::143-155
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Mahmood AA, AbdulAzeez AR, Hussein HM. The effect of smoking habit on apical status of adequate endodontically treated teeth with and without periodontal involvement. Clin Cos Investig Dent. 2019; 11::419-28.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Segura-Egea JJ, Jiménez-Pinzón A, Ríos-Santos JV, et al. High prevalence of apical periodontitis amongst type 2 diabetic patients. Int Endod J. 2005; 38:(8):564-9.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Wahid AA, Yusof ZY, Jaafar N. Caries increment among army personnel: a 5-year longitudinal study. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2014; 26:(3):268-74.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Ahmed I, Ali RW, Mudawi AM. Prevalence of apical periodontitis and frequency of root-filled teeth in an adult Sudanese population. Clin Exp Dent Res. 2017; 3:(4):142-47.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Bahrami G, Vaeth M, Kirkevang LL, Wenzel A, Isidor F. Risk factors for tooth loss in an adult population: a radiographic study. J Clin Periodontol. 2008; 35:(12):1059-65.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. López-López J, Jané-Salas E, Estrugo-Devesa A, et al. Periapical and endodontic status of type 2 diabetic patients in Catalonia, Spain: a cross-sectional study. J Endod 2011; 37:(5):598-601.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Limeira FIR, Arantes DC, de Souza Oliveira C, et al. root canal treatment and apical periodontitis in a brazilian population with type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-sectional Paired Study. J Endod. 2020; 46:(6):756-62.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Abbas M, Albaaj F, Hussein H, Mahmood A. Importance of preventive dentistry in the elderly: A personal approach. Dental Research Journal. 2022; 19:(1):11-11.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Hussein HM, Mahmood AA, Alberaqdar FA. The prevalence and relationship of root caries depth and gingival recession among different Iraqi groups. Mustansiria Dental Journal. 2015; 12:(1): 144-155.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Hussein HM, Al-Zaka IM. Evaluation of the amount of apically extruded debris using different root canal instrumentation systems. Mustansiria Dental Journal. 2014; 11:(1): 1-7.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Khan SQ, Khabeer A, Al-Thobity AM, et al. Correlation between diabetes mellitus and number of restored, carious lesions and missing teeth: A retrospective radiographic evaluation. Saudi Dent J. 2021; 33:(3):131-36.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Bane K, Ndiaye D, Seck A, et al. Apical periodontitis epidemiology: A population-based survey of students in Dakar, Senegal. Turk Endod J. 2019; 4:(2):23-26.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Amaliya A, Pribadi S, Akbar YM, Sitam S. Periodontal disease: a rise in prevalence in military troops penyakit periodontal. Faculty Of Dentistry Universitas Islam Sultan Agung. 2021; 8:(1):6-17.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Bernardo JÉ, Loureiro C, Ribeiro APF, et al. Periapical status and prevalence of apical periodontitis in patients with type 2 Diabetes mellitus. Research, Society, and Development. 2021; 10:(12):e142101220135.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.7
Loading
/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.7
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Keyword(s): Apical periodontitisArmyDASS-21Diabetic and Stress
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error