1887
3 - Second Mustansiriyah International Dental Conference (MIDC 2023)
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

This study aims at assessing the age and gender distribution among patients with various clinical conditions who sought treatment at the Department of Oral and Cranio-maxillofacial Surgery in Al Kindy Teaching Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq.

The research data for this study was obtained from the Department of Oral and Cranio-maxillofacial Surgery at Al Kindy Teaching Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq. The data was collected between April 2019 and February 2020, involving 1443 patients spanning various age groups, from infants to 85-year-olds. The patients are categorized based on age, sex, and diagnosis using the International Classification of Diseases. The diagnosed diseases were classified according to the Contemporary Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery textbook guidelines.

The majority of patients are in their second decades, and most of the samples that attended the hospital are from the male category, female patients had to do with temporomandibular problems, trauma, and surgical extraction. In contrast, the most common category among male patients is trauma, followed by jaw fractures. Trauma, Follow-up, Facial Palsy, Ranula, Trigeminal Neuralgia, and Parotid Gland Swelling were all significantly different between males and females when compared on their own in each category.

Males exhibit a higher hospital attendance rate compared to females, with males being more prone to oral trauma, while females are more susceptible to temporomandibular joint disorders. Young children have a greater likelihood of experiencing trauma rather than jaw fractures due to the presence of a thicker adipose tissue layer and the absence of paranasal sinus pneumatization.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.4
2023-07-23
2024-07-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jemtac/2023/3/jemtac.2023.midc.4.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.4&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Jin KS, Lee H, Sohn JB, Han YS, Jung DU, Sim HY, Kim HS, Fracture patterns and causes in the craniofacial region: an 8-year review of 2076 patients. Maxillofacial plastic and reconstructive surgery. 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Hohman MH,Bhama PK,Hadlock TA, Epidemiology of iatrogenic facial nerve injury: a decade of experience. The Laryngoscope. 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Rankin M, Borah GL, Perceived functional impact of abnormal facial appearance, Plast Reconstr Surg. 2003; 111:(7):2140.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Brickley M, JP: Surgical removal of third molars. BMJ 1994; 309::620–621.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Dhariwal DK, Goodey R, Shepherd JR: Trends in oral surgery in England and Wales. Br Dent J 2002; 192::639–645.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Sato FR, Asprino L, de Araújo DE, de Moraes M. Short-term outcome of postoperative patient recovery perception after surgical removal of third molars. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009; 67::1083–91.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Savin J, Ogden GR. Third molar surgery: A preliminary report on aspects affecting quality of life in the early postoperative period. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1997; 35::246–53.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Banche G, Roana J, Mandras N, Amasio M, Gallesio C, Cuffini AM, et al. Microbial Adherence on Various Intraoral Suture Materials in Patients Undergoing Dental Surgery. American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007; 65::1503–1507.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Leknes KN, Røynstrand IT, Selvig KA. Human gingival tissue reactions to silk and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene sutures. J Periodontol. 2005; 76::34–42.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Scrivani SJ, Keith DA, Kaban LB. Temporomandibular disorders. N Engl J Med. 2008; 359::2693–705.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Lim PF, Smith S, Bhalang K, et al. Development of temporomandibular disorders is associated with greater bodily pain experience. Clin J Pain. 2010; 26:(2):116-120.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Koh H, Robinson PG. Occlusal adjustment for treating and preventing temporomandibular joint disorders. J Oral Rehabil. 2004; 31::287-92.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Okeson JP, de Leeuw R. Differential diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders and other orofacial pain disorders. Dent Clin North Am. 2011; 55:(1):105-120.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Zakrzewska JM. Differential diagnosis of facial pain and guidelines for management. Br J Anaesth. 2013; 111:(1):95-104.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Cooper BC, Kleinberg I. Examination of a large patient population for the presence of symptoms and signs of temporomandibular disorders. Cranio. 2007; 25::114–26.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Rudzinska M, Wojcik M, Szczudlik A. Hemifacial spasmnon-motor and motor-related symptoms and their responseto botulinum toxin therapy. J Neural Transm (Vienna)2010; 117:(6):765-772. doi: 10.1007/s00702-010-0416-5
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Peiterson E. Bell’s palsy: the spontaneous course of 2500 peripheral facial nerve palsies of different etiologies. Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 2002; 549::4–30.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Giblin AV, Clover AJ, Athanassopoulos A, Budny PG. Pyogenic granuloma - the quest for optimum treatment:an audit of treatment of 408 cases. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2007; 60:(9):1030–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2006.10.018 PMid:17478135.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Jiboon, A.T., & Abdulrazzak, N.J. (2017). Diagnostic Value of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) in Salivary Gland Tumor. Jornal of oral and dental research, 4: (2):130-139.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Engel JD, Ham SD, Cohen DM. Mylohyoid herniation: gross and histologic evaluation with clinical correlation. Oral Surg. 1987; 63::55–59. doi: 10.1016/0030-4220(87)90340-9.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Zakrzewska JM, McMillan R. Trigeminal neuralgia: The diagnosis and management of this excruciating and poorly understood facial pain. Postgrad Med J. 2011; 87::410–6.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Lam R. Epidemiology and outcomes of traumatic dental injuries: a review of the literature. Australian Dental Journal, (2016); 61:, 4–20.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Singaram M, G SV, Udhayakumar RK. Prevalence, pattern, etiology, and management of maxillofacial trauma in a developing country: a retrospective study. J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016; 42::174–81. doi: 10.5125/jkaoms.2016.42.4.174.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Oleszek-Listopad, J.; Robak, B.; Szymańska, J. Etiology and epidemiology of temporomandibular disorders. Hyg. Pub. Health 2019, 54:, 92–96.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Kautto A, Vehkalahti MM, Ventä I. Age of patient at the extrac-tion of the third molar. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018; 47::947-51
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Eklund SA, Pittman JL. Third-molar removal patterns in an in-sured population. J Am Dent Assoc 2001; 132::469-75.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. McCrory P. (2001). Do mouthguards prevent concussion? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35:(2), 81–82.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Muñante-Cárdenas JL, Olate S, Asprino L, de Albergaria Barbosa JR, de Moraes M, Moreira RW. Pattern and treatment of facial trauma in pediatric and adolescent patients. J Craniofac Surg. 2011; 22::1251–5.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Karim T, Khan AH, Ahmed SS. Trauma of facial skeleton in children: an Indian perspective. Indian J Surg. 2010; 72::232–5.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Khalifa GA, El-Kilani NS, Nasr TA. Clinical outcomes of pediatric maxillofacial fractures management in three hospital series in Egypt. J Oral Maxillofac Surg Med Pathol. 2017; 29::511–7.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Robinson, J.L.; Johnson, P.M.; Kister, K.; Yin, M.T.; Chen, J.; Wadhwa, S. Estrogen signaling impacts temporomandibular joint and periodontal disease pathology. Odontology 2020, 108:, 153–165.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. sola, G.; Polizzi, A.; Santonocito, S.; Alibrandi, A.; Ferlito, S. Expression of salivary and serum malondialdehyde and lipid profile of patients with periodontitis and coronary heart disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20:, 6061.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. AbdulRazzak, N.J., Sadiq, J.A. & Jiboon, A.T. Arthrocentesis versus glucocorticosteroid injection for internal derangement of temporomandibular joint. Oral Maxillofac Surg 25:, 191–197 (2021).
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Lo Giudice, A.; Rustico, L.; Caprioglio, A.; Migliorati, M.; Nucera, R. Evaluation of condylar cortical bone thickness in patient groups with different vertical facial dimensions using cone-beam computed tomography. Odontology 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Aquilino RN, Bazzo VJ, Faria RJA, Eid NLM, Bóscolo FN. Cisto nasolabial: apresentação de um caso e descrição em imagens por TC e RM. Rev Bras Otorrinolaringol. 2008; 74:(3):467–71.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Afrooz P N, Bykowski M R, James I B, Daniali L N, Clavijo-Alvarez J A. The epidemiology of mandibular fractures in the United States, part 1: a review of 13,142 cases from the US National Trauma Data Bank. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015; 73:(12):2361–2366.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Yazawa A, Aida J, Kondo K, Kawachi I. Gender differences in risk of posttraumatic stress symptoms after disaster among older people: differential exposure or differential vulnerability? J Affect Disord. 2022; 297::447-454.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Fidjeland HL, Brekke M, Vistad I. General practitioners’ attitudes toward follow-up after cancer treatment: A cross-sectional questionnaire study. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2015; 33:(4):223-32.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. LaFrance M, Hecht MA, Paluck EL. The contingent smile: A meta-analysis of sex differences in smiling. Psychological Bulletin. 2003, 129:(2), 305.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Krumhuber E, Manstead ASR, Kappas A. Temporal aspects of facial displays in person and expression perception: The effects of smile dynamics, head-tilt, and gender. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 2007, 311:(1), 39–56.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Baer, A.N.; Walitt, B. Update on Sjögren syndrome and other causes of Sicca in older adults. Rheum. Dis. Clin. N. Am. 2018, 44:, 419–436.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Katusic S, Beard CM, Bergstralh E, Kurland LT. Incidence and clinical features of trigeminal neuralgia, Rochester, Minnesota, 1945-1984. Ann Neurol 1990; 27::89-95.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Noor Mohammed Al-Noori, Evaluation of the Cause and Pattern of Teeth Extraction in the College of Dentistry, Mustansiriyah University, J Res Med Dent Sci, 2021, 9: (4):10-15.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Christoffersen T, Emaus N, Dennison E, et al. The association between childhood fractures and adolescence bone outcomes: a population-based study, the Tromsø Study, Fit Futures. Osteoporos Int. 2018; 29:(2):441-450. doi:10.1007/s00198-017-4300-0
    [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.4
Loading
/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2023.midc.4
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error