1887
Volume 2021, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

Massive goiter with retrosternal extension is most frequently found in the anterior mediastinum; however, 10%–15% of the cases are found in the posterior mediastinum. It may induce symptoms caused by tracheal, esophageal, and recurrent laryngeal nerve compression. Surgery for such a huge mass requires a high degree of experience to avoid serious complications, particularly if it weighs >500 g. Herein, we report the case of a 64-year-old man who complained of neck swelling which was gradually increasing in size during the past 19 years and breathing difficulty that worsened during the past years. A 31 × 16 cm heterogeneous enhancing mass that expanded the thyroid gland with retrosternal extension, pushing the main vessels posterolaterally and compressing the trachea, was detected during computed tomography of the neck and chest. Total thyroidectomy was performed safely via a transcervical approach. The recovery period was uneventful, and the patient was discharged 5 days later. Given the rarity of a massive goiter that pushes the main vessels and compresses the trachea in the posterior mediastinum, this case report emphasizes the treatment options and outcome of this condition.

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2021-09-29
2021-10-25
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  • Article Type: Case Report
Keyword(s): goiters , massive , retrosternal , sternotomy and thyroidectomy
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